Friday morning, Dec. 23, 1870
The Reporter

Kinloch Falconer & John Calhoon, Editors

Marshall County and Holly Springs in 1853. - We have come across a copy of the Marshall Guard, a newspaper that was published in Holly Springs over 17 years ago. The copy before us is dated March 24th, 1853. Jas. W. Williams was the publisher and editor. The Guard was a six-column paper, and had for its motto: “State Sovereignty, National Union”. In politics, it was decidedly Democratic. From its editorial, local and advertising columns, we glean several interesting items about our city 17 years ago:

The Gazette, a Whig paper, was published in Holly Springs at the time, and, judging from the Guard, the sparring between them was interesting and lively. The Mississippi Times was to have been started about the middle of April, 1853, with Sam'l. Benton as editor, and W. A. Tucker as publisher. Jim Williams, calling himself the “Spotted Hyena”, has one or two references to his famous race for Coroner the year before. Calls are made upon Col. D. C. Glenn to run for Attorney General; and Col. Phillips for Treasurer; J. W. Chalmers publishes a card, declining to allow the use of his name as a candidate for Governor; Jefferson Davis was recommended for Secretary of War under President Pierce; Gen. Henry E. Williamson, Major General 5th Division Militia, publishes a Proclamation – signed Jas. R. Chalmers, Division Inspector and Act. Adjutant – ordering an election in Monroe, Chickasaw, Itawamba, Pontotoc, Tishomingo and Tippah counties, on the 14th day of May, 1853, for a Brigadier General, 2d Brigade, 5th Division; Caswell Cock & Co., and Dr. J. C. Holland, advertised their livery stables; Wrey and Peter, negroes, had barber shops, the first at the Union House, the second at the Marshall House; Brinkley had a boot and shoe manufactory; R. B. Harris had a dry goods store; Fant & Scott were druggists; Thos. and William Loud were book and music dealers; Hannibal Harris was Clerk of the Chancery Court; B. G. Lawrence, Judge, and Gordentia Waite, Clerk, of the Probate Court; E. H. Mitchell was a confectioner; S. E. Carey had a jewelry store, and J. M. Bishop was his jeweler; G. W. Sill was principal of the Female Institute, and Dr. C. C. Colton, rector of St. Thomas; W. P. Fogg kept the Union House; and B. S. Williamson, the Marshall House; McVey & Ficke were boot and shoe makers; C. O. Bryan was surgeon dentist; W. T. Long & Co., druggists; M. J. Johnson was watchmaker and jeweler; Jno. Balfour offered improved cotton seed for sale, and published a certificate signed by James L. Totten, R. S. Greer, W. Goodman, Thos. J. Malone, Aaron Dean, Joel E. Wynne, Wm. Arthur and Benj. A. Ford, a meeting was called for March 28th, 1853, in Holly Springs, to send delegates to the meeting of stockholders of the M. & C. R. R., to be held at Huntsville, April 4th, “and also to take such action as may be necessary to regard to an arrangement alleged to be on foot between the M. & C., and M. O. R. R. R. Cos., for the purpose of fraudulently evading the repeatedly declared will of our Legislature; the following announcements for office appear in the Guard: B. S. Fant, Willis H. Bishop and J. Norfleet for Treasurer; W. Perry Mims for Ranger; W. T. Ivey, Jas. H. Jenkins and Benj. L. Milam for Sheriff, Ourself (meaning the “spotted hyena”, alias “Jim Williams” alias “gim crack corn I – don't care”, as he called himself), and R. S. Stith, for Probate Judge; C. H. Mott, Joshua Whitmore and N. W. Williams for District Attorney; W. J. Williams, Ben Moss and N. P. Rook for Assessor; Phineas T. Scruggs and Chas. D. Fontaine for District Attorney.

Joshua Whitmore, N. W. Williams, J. W. Williams and J. L. Autry were lawyers; Morris Hamner kept a furniture wareroom; Peter Malci and Peter Metz, boot and shoe makers, had dissolved partnership, Jan. 1st, 1853; J. Stuart McKenzie and W. W. Foos were physicians. In those days, not now, the temperance excitement ran high, and a stirring appeal appears in the Guard, to take off the head of “King Alcohol”.

What memories, both pleasant and sad, does the perusal of the Guard awake! How many changes have taken place since 1853! Many of the citizens, whose names we have given, are numbered among the dead; some of them lost their lives in a holy cause; all of those who were then rich, were reduced to poverty by the war, and today Marshall county and Holly Springs do not seem like they did in 1853.

Board of School Directors – At an adjourned meeting of the Board of School Directors of Marshall county, held in Holly Springs, Friday, Dec. 16th, the following proceedings were had: In addition to the Schools established at a previous meeting, and which were published in our last issue, the following schools were located as follows:

For whites: one near the residence of W. J. Williams (near Byhalia), one at Providence Church, one at Bainsville, one at N. Mt. Pleasant, one in the West neighborhood (5 miles southwest of N. Mt. Pleasant), one in basement of Masonic Hall in Chulahoma, one at Oakland Academy, one in the school house on the Sidney Redding land, one at Aiken's school house, one at Tyro, one near Harris Chapel, one at Spring Hill Church, one near residence of W. H. Hall (on Dr. T. J. Malone's land), one near Wm. Mothershed's, one at William Terrell school house, one near J. H. Morgan's, one at Abner Jones' school house, one at Cornersville Church, one near Beldazzle, 1½ miles west of Waterford, one near A. M. Evans.

For negroes: in the negro Church at Oak Grove, one at Bainsville, one near N. Mt. Pleasant, one 3 miles east of Red Banks, one 1 mile north of M. J. Cox's, one in negro Church 1 mile north of Wm. Wooten's, one 1/3 mile west of J. C. Rogers', one in the school house near Wm. McKie, one near J. B. Harris', one in the school house on the J. B. Dean's land, one near W. H. Jamison's, one near Alfred Brooks', one on T. J. Malone's land, west of the railroad, one near Jones M. Brooks', one at Mt. Vernon Church.

City Revenue – At their meeting, Dec. 12th, the city officers of Holly Springs passed an Ordinance to Raise a Revenue. The Ordinance is too long for publication in full. We give the taxation, as follows:

50 cents on every $100 of taxable realty; 50 cents on every $100 loaned, or employed in purchase of bonds, etc.; 50 cents on every $100 of capital in merchandise by a regular merchant; 50 cents on every $100 in value of each race, saddle or carriage horse, piano, pleasure carriage, buggy, rockaway, or other vehicle, watches, clocks, bowie knives, sword canes, pistols or revolvers, and upon every $50 in value of gold and silver plate; 50 cents on every horse or mule sold by a trader; $15 on every stallion or jack; $100 on all banks or savings institutions. These taxes are to be assessed between August 1st and Dec. 1st of each year, and collected between January 1st and May 31st.

The annual tax on each license is: $25 on each billiard table; $25 on each alley; $50 on each hotel on the square; $25 on each hotel off the square; $25 on each beer shop, snack house, ice cream saloon, confectionery, cigar shop, or lager beer shop, and, when two or more are united in the same house, $25 dollars on first and $5 on each one added; $25 on each livery stable; $15 on each one horse dray; $20 on each two horse dray; $30 on each four horse dray; $25 on each omnibus; $10 on each hackney coach, cab or carriage kept for public use; $50 for exercising the business of an Auctioneer within the city; $25 for each exhibition of a menagerie, or circus; $5 for each performance or exhibition of a theatrical kind, or concert; $200 on each bar room or saloon where vinous or spirituous liquors are sold; $25 on each and every office of insurance companies not chartered by the State; $10 on all photograph galleries; $20 on all silver smiths or watch maker shops; $20 on each and every druggist; $10 on each an every practicing lawyer, - physician or dentist; $3 for exercising the privilege of a hawker or peddler on foot for each week; $5 for exercising the privilege of a hawker or peddler on horseback per week; $10 for exercising the privilege of a hawker or peddler in any vehicle per week.

Chancery Court – The next regular term of the Chancery Court of Marshall county, Hon. Dewitt Stearnes, presiding, will begin on the 1st Monday, 2nd day of January, 1871.

Snow – On Thursday night of last week, Dec. 15th, there was a considerable fall of snow, which covered the ground in the depth of a couple of inches. The weather turned very cold, and has remained so up to the hour of writing. Tuesday was a cold, blustering and exceedingly disagreeable day. A slight rain fell most of the day, interspersed with snow and sleet. We trust the bad weather will be done with before Christmas. The cold is not objectionable, if the ground be not muddy and sloppy.

Five Drug Stores – Holly Springs supports five first class drug stores. Considering the well known healthfulness of the town and surrounding country, this is doing very well for drugs.

Postponed – The Masonic Banquet and Ball advertised to come off on the 27th of this month, has been indefinitely postponed. The Hall, it was thought, would not be completed in time, hence the postponement.

Raining Trees – Our readers have read a great deal in our columns about the wonderful “raining trees”. They are wonderful, and we have not seen a satisfactory explanation of the phenomenon. But on last Friday morning, about ten o'clock, while the sun was shining brightly, and not a cloud was to be seen, large drops were noticed to fall from scores of trees in Holly Springs. They fell in sufficient numbers to wet the ground underneath. The rain was witnessed by a hundred persons, whose testimony will be forthcoming if the statement be denied. Persons standing near, but not under, the trees, escaped without a drop falling on them, but under the trees, one would have been thoroughly drenched in ten minutes. Who can explain it?

For Sale – My shoe shop and garden lot near Holly Springs Depot. Price $1500. For particulars, enquire of Jack Massier, Holly Springs, Miss.

Married – At the residence of the bride's mother, Mrs. E. A. Treadwell, near Lamar, Marshall County, Miss., at 11 a.m., Thursday, Dec. 15th, 1870, by Rev. Dr. Grey, of Lagrange, Tenn., Mr. U. P. Maxwell, Jr. and Miss E. A. Treadwell, all of Benton county, Miss. We wish for the well-mated couple a long life of happiness. May no cloud ever obscure their pathway; May no cares disturb them, but may they realize all their bright and fond anticipations, is the sincere wish of legions of warm friends.

At the residence of the bride's father, R. B. Alexander, Esq., near Holly Springs, Miss., on Wednesday morning, Dec. 4th, 1870, by Rev. John Moss, T. C. Ingram, Esq., and Miss Lula Alexander; both of Marshall county.

At the Baptist church, in Columbus, Miss., on Tuesday evening, Dec. 13th, 1870, at 8 o'clock, by the Rev. Jno. H. Cason, Mr. Robt. W. Fort of Holly Springs, and Miss Loulie V. Harrison of Columbus, Miss. Attendants: Jas. T. Fant, Holly Springs, and Miss Katie Hodges, Mobile, Ala.; Geo. M. Walthall, Water Valley, and Miss Sue Billups, Columbus; Watson Mason, Holly Springs, and Miss Loulie Hodges, Mobile, Ala.; Saml. B. McConnico, Water Valley, and Miss Lizzie Caskin, Columbus; Carleton Billups and Miss Eva Hilyer; G. W. Cox and Miss Mollie Weaver; Wm. A. Moore and Miss Alice Baskerville; Frank Young and Miss Julia Banks; Wm. R. Cannon and Miss Mollie Sims; Wm. H. Lee and Miss Sallie Matthews, of Columbus. We congratulate our young friend upon the happy fruition of his long-cherished hopes and wish that life may be to him all that he can possibly desire. The tender flower entrusted to his keeping is well worthy to his care and love; and our prayer is that all their days may be crowned with peace and happiness; that life may be to them one long act of tenderness, love, and devotion, and at its close, that their sun may set in love, thus making gloriously beautiful the bright shores beyond.

Serious Affray – We learn that a shooting affray occurred near Cornersville, Marshall county, on last Saturday night, Dec. 17th, between a Mr. Miller and Tom Ford, in which Miller was killed, and Ford shot through the shoulder. We have heard no particulars, except that the unfortunate affair originated from an old fued.

Died – In Holly Springs, Miss., Thursday evening, 7 o'clock, Dec. 15th, 1870, of pneumonia, W. M. Parker; aged 41 years, 7 months and 9 days. The deceased had been for several months in feeble health, and had suffered greatly. He was a kind-hearted, hard-working man, a good citizen, a worthy mason, an affectionate and loving son, husband and father. He was buried on Saturday morning last with Masonic honors. May the God of love and mercy comfort the afflicted wife and orphan children. “He doeth all things well”; yet it is hard for short-sighted human beings to see the finger of Providence in all the events that befall us here.

In Jefferson county, Miss., on the evening of November 25th, 1870, Col. Samuel Bullen, in the 83rd year of his age. We were intimately acquainted with the deceased for nearly thirty years, and ever found him to be a good citizen, an upright man, and a true Christian. He owned a large landed interest in Marshall county, and previous to the war, spent several weeks yearly on his farm in this county. During his first visit we formed his acquaintance which ripened into a friendship that continued until his death. The deceased was one of the noblest works of God, an honest man. We never knew a more conscientious and correct man in all his dealings, and the death of so upright a man is truly a public loss. We learn that he died calmly and peacefully, and is doubtless now reaping the reward, beyond the tomb, of a well spent life on earth. We truly sympathize with his estimable family in their sad bereavement, for the death of so good and kind a husband, parent and friend, must be severely felt in the family circle, but they should not murmur at the decrees of Divine Providence, who called the good man to a home beyond the skies, a house not made with hands, but eternal in the Heavens.

At his residence in Marshall county, Miss., October 21st, 1869, of pneumonia, Gilson Craighead, aged 62 years, 6 months and 21 days. The deceased was born in Pennsylvania, and was educated at Carlisle College. In his youth he immigrated the South, and identified himself fully with his interests. He spent his life in teaching in various localities which position placed him in social contact with the fireside circle, where, by his good sense, demeanor and intellectual endowments, he won the affections of all, old and young. He nobly sacrificed two sons in our late struggle, and saw one return with one leg. The evening of life found him and his aged companion left with but one child. His walk in life was ever just. His qualities as a man, mason, gentleman, scholar and teacher are worthy of imitation. He was an honest, upright man, whose memory will ever be cherished by his students, associates and acquaintances.

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