1/1 Cold, freezing morn with high dim clouds partialy shuting out the
sun. We killed 7 hogs.
John mooves to Tippah today & I came home after the buggy & am going to carry Nancy
& Sallie down there. Chas got Henry's bango yesterday. I wrote a letter to T.A.
Meares yesterday; the ground is as hard as a rock & is froze a foot deep; very still
morn. I & Sallie Went with John & family to Tippah; look at the ice shining so white in
the deep dark bottom, very cold. We stoped at John's place but after a while Smith,
McD came down & we went up to his house & took supper & then they drank whiskey &
John & I - Smith went back to John's place; conversed a while & went to bed. Smith
asked me to go a fishing.
1/2 Cold still & cloudy, the ground is thawing some. We all
partook of a splendid breakfast
with Mr. Mc Donald & his kind lady, then helped Nancy in the buggy & then drove down
to the new place carrying Mrs. McD's baby with us. I & Sallie fixed up the things
for them helped to get dinner & took some ourselves. Nancy is well pleased with her
new situation. Sallie & I left for home at 1 ocl P.M. Dark & dreary evening; we got
home just before night. Doctor Rieves & family mooved over yesterday to the Nicks
place. Chas, John N. & Kanedy went over to see them. Kan went home with John Nabors.
It began to rain gently & rained on until mignight.
1/3 High, roaring, freezing wind from the north. Very clear ground
thawing. We had the
first lamb come yesterday; black. Mr. Smith came over this morning to hire Nan; thinks
he'll take her at $100 & clothe her. Cane came back early from L. Nabor's. Wm
Wheatley came after dinner & hired Rachel for $100 & clothe her, he stayed late. Mr.
Smith stayed till after dinner; he looked at the sheep & said one was his. They negroes
are washing, rending up lard, hauling wood & coal. Moses has sore eyes very bad.
Chas went with the buggy to Salem to get jars to put lard in. T & Sallie are going to
Mr. L. Nabors tonight. Very clear & windy yet.
1/4 Clear & cold. Coolest yet. Sallie & I went to
L. Nabors. Daukins come aftter supper &
stayed all night; I combed Fannie's head & hugged her; fittled & talked of marrying her;
took good supper & went to last night this was. I went by & stoped at Vandy's new
house. He has no money; great many men came by & warmed going to Salem to court.
I then went to Mr. Willis & got some money. He told me off his fusses. I then came to
Mr. Nabors & took dinner. Miss Day & Miss Brown & Mrs. Day; after seting awhile &
came home. Uncle N. Nabors came back after the last load. We helped him load up &
catch the roosters. We catch the chickens tonight. geting cloudy again. We set awhile
with W. Rieves & he asked us back to see them. I slept with Uncle N. Nabors.
1/5 Cold & clear; froze yet. We were up early & helping
Nabors to start. We boys had fun
catching the chickens again while Mr. Rieves & negros were cuting up frozen pork; she
scolding her waiting cock & wash girl while her red sache gaped a wide behind. I sent
Uncle's girls roses cuting of 40 kinds. They started with the last load at 9 ocl; Kan,
Dick & Uncle; nothing like a tear shed but what the cold wind brought from our free-
hearted noses. Poor Rock whined a sad farewell & left Pup & Taylor . I & George & Wm
went over to Poff's & measured the land; 26acres & 53 poles in the far field & 5 acres of
oats land. Chas went to Salem but got no money; geting cloudy. Chas went & paid
Mr. Lipford $35. Hauling wood today. Mr. Smith sent for Nan.
1/6 Cold, high dim clouds thawing smarthly now. We all at home
today, negroes here. I &
Ma are goint to Mr. Nabors. Lafayette Nooner spent a few hours here this eve. He
going to live at Mr. Laxs & work by himself. We found Mr. Casey & wife, Mr. Willis &
wife & C. Daukins at Mr. Nabors. We talked of raining frogs & buggs & the sun going
around the earth. Mr. Nabors believes it all . We came near buying land in Desoto at
$10 per Acre Disappointed negro-meeting at the chappel today. Fannie looks verry
fine today; Daukins looks anxious. As Ma & I troted home we caught up with Mr.
Freeman going home from a round of preaching. Cloudy & cold wind from the south;
looks like rain. Jim Poff is over tonight.
1/7 Thick, cloudy, misting rain began last night; hard, a deal
warmer now. Chas begins his
school. We start the gin on Crafts cotton again. I am going to Salem. I went to Salem
& stayed till night. Miss Paulina Parker was married last week to a Mr. Passcal of
Memphis, Tenn. The Parkers want to sell out & leave Salem. W.L. Brock boards at Mr.
Machins. The gents are trying to collect money in Salem. It cleared off this evening &
turned verry cold again; great freeze going tonight. I wrote a letter to the Editor of the
ÒHome CircleÓ tonight requesting a discontinuence of it to me. I heard of the marriage
of Miss Mattie Low of Marsha. Squire is spliting rails. Mandy feeding the gin. Mose is
blacksmithing for us. Chas goes to L Nabor's tonight. I mailed letter for Sallie to H.M. Terry S.C.
1/8 Clear very very cold; rather dim; ground froze verry deep.
Started to gin but t'was too
cold; went to hauling & cuting wood. Mose working in the shop; heard something bad
of the Wheatleys. I put glass into windows. Chas stayed Mr. Nabors last night. I wrote
a letter to R.M. Bostwick tonight; very cold night.
1/9 Coldest morning this year. The. stands 8 degrees. Coldest,
clear day I ever felt. Such
a long cold spell was never known here before. Squire is helping Mose to lay our
plows. Mandy cuting wood above the gin-house. I went to Salem the evening & got a
letter from Aunt Lydia & one from cousin Hal Terry. Lax paying in town. I nearly froze coming home.
1/10 Cold as ever; ice! ice everywhere. Dim clouds growing thicker
as the sun sets. I went
to Tippah on ÒjollyÓ. ÒFond memory brings the light of other days around meÓ I took a
peep of where Fannie & Genie lives. Hallooed at N. Smith's; gives his note & got down
at Mr. Freeman's & warmed with Asbury while he was mending his shoe. Then troted
on to John's & got there just at dark; found Menan Shivers there; he is after a Òpower of
AtourneyÓ for Alex to get money for their Texas land. We slept togather & talked of
Ark & cousin Mollie; she writes to him he says. The bed was icey cold.
1/11 Cold & dark cloudy day. Nancy's foot is better; she walks
some; all their neighbors
have been to see them. They are well pleased. Menan & myself went a duck hunting
with one gun. I killed 7 doves & Menam 2 by diner. Joe & James Ayres were at Johns
for dinner; S. Mcdonald there. We went again after dinner. Menam killed two ducks &
I killed two squirrils. Tippah & Snow creek were froze over; ice a foot thick on the
ponds there. We saw 50 squirrils in the bottom about sundown. They are ginning
cotton at home. Menan & I slepth together again. He want me to help him write a letter to Mollie; didn't.
1/12 Rained & froze last night then the thick misty clouds began
to robe the world in
spotless white; faster & faster it falls; the winds are hushed & their whisperings in the
dark tall pines has ceased while the snow makes cold winding sheets for millions of
freezing creatures in the dark woods & in the crouded city; it is hurrying thousonds
of God's beings home. home. - We all went up to Mr. McDonald's & warmed around his
pleasent fire. He loaned me his gun & while he & john were making egg-nogg we started a ducking.
We met Mr. Tucker & took down the river & Menan killed two ducks
& I killed three. I heard somebody singing and came back after they were all done
eating. Mr. McDonald & John took their guns from us & started turkey hunting & we
started home. John Beck caught up with us; we merrily chated & laughed as we troted
with cold feet twoards home. John got down at Mr. Freeman's where the old man Beck
& boys were warming; we went on & told old bygones & laughted till we parted & went
home. It blew off clear after dark & the silver moon is floating afar up in the uper deep;
making the ground sparkle with myriad tiny pearls & diamonds while I am writing this journal of mine.
1/13 The sun rose clear & warm begining a general thaw. Clouds
were seen as unwellcome
visitors floating slowly in the dark deep sky in which it seems you can see millions of
miles away where courselss comets roll and creation enlarges into boundless nothing.
Oh where can Heaven be? in some of those bright worlds we can not see by day? God
sends his Angels to blow out his candles when the sun throws his long bright rays into
the dark air. The snow melted off today. We all stayed at home all day except Billie;
he went to the office & got the Appeal. All the Becks were out in their buggies &
carriage to Salem but were disappointed; also the negros were disappointed at ÒTerry's
ChappelÓ again. We had no visitors today but enjoyed ourselves reading & conversing
& looking at the sheep, hogs, horses & cows; we have 5 lambs living & one dead & 43
pigs, two sows & 16 porkers. I wrote a letter to Irvin tonight.
1/14 Cloudy, drizling rain. Very cold; the snowed a little &
quit. I started early to Holly
Springs; stoped at Salem while Dr. Ayres sent by me for jewelry & books, took a letter
to Daniels. I caught up with Wm Davis at Walls trying to drive a loose mule to H.S. We
overtook a fellow walking & asked him to ride the mule which he done with delight to
H.S. At Laswre's we caught up with Bob Owens going to H.S. we all went on togather
& got there half past 12 ocl. I saw a good many persons about hireing Mose but only
one, Capt Write wanted him. We finished our business & left Davis for home at 3 ocl.
Very cold; we got to Salem after dark; stoped at Redus & warmed while he played
tunes that charmed us to a sweet feeling & love to everybody. Mr. Wheatly & several
others said they were going to search a suspicious man at the house of Mr. Tidwells for
$50 dollars that had been last in Salem. We went with them & saw fun but the fellows
was gone & we found that he was the same man that rode Davis' mule this morning. I
got home at 9 ocl. Very cloudy yet. The gin run on Jas Crafts cotton today.
1/15 Cloudy & very cold; snowing gently. gining cotton.
Nan run away & come home & I am
going down there & take her back. But he would not have her. I sent her home & Mr.
Osborn sent & got her for a few days. I saw five wild geese in Mr. Spencers field but
would not shoot them for fear they were Mr. Spencer's. I got down & warmed at Mr.
Spencer's but only saw Genie as she passed the door of the room were I was warming.
1/16 Clear beautiful day. Thawing, cold yet. We finished
gining & packing J. Crafts 12th
bale cotton & began Poffs. I went early to Mr. Nabor's but he was gone to buy a negro
for Maxwell. I saw Fannie who was at work. Mc was cuting rail timbers. I went on to
Salem & rode Polk. Mr. Machen is trading mules. I heard Mr. Redus draw out sweet the ÒSavanah WaltzÓ.
Dr. Ayres paid me 40 cts for books bought in H. Springs. I sent
Moses to H. Springs this evening for Mr. Wright to try him. I came home near night. Mr.
Rieves is hauling corn for use this year. The ground is frezing again tonight. We have 12 lambs alive.
1/17 Beautifuly clear still day; thawing rappidly. Squire is sick.
Wm went after Mariah's
clothes at Anderson's. I went to Mr. L. Nabors early to get him to go to Salem to fix up
My negro business but he is sick. I settled with him; he paid me $2.05. Jas Craft come
by & soped awhile. Mr. Nabors talks of hireing Nan. I came home by noon & helped
Jas. Craft to load 4 bales of cotton. He then took dinner with us. Mr. Nabors bought a
negro boy of Chairs for $1000.00 cash - 16 years old & hired bought of Mrs. Redus for
$85.00. Mc' takes 3 hands & works cotton for the fourth. I fixed the dining room fire
place this evening after Craft left. I then wrote a letter for $2.00 to Memhis Advocate.
Mrs. Poff had a child the other day.
1/18 Warmer, some clouds, thawing. Gining Poff's cotton.
Wm Casey came over & stayed all
day nearly. Sent the broad axe home. The hogs eat up 3 lambs today leaving 16 alive.
I mended my shoes & hauled gate posts. Mose came home from Holly Springs. Mr. Lipford
came by for the rest of him money but didn't get it. Mr. Lax & Todd stoped with
Jesse Jinkin's he offered $90.00 for Nan - no freeze tonight.
1/19 Cloudy & geting cold. Sleeted a little, cold wind from
the north. Wm ginnning Poff's
cotton. Moses and Squire cuting rail timber. I went to Salem early with Mr. Nabors &
finished the giving me off $500 in property. I got Julia, 4 years old, valued at $375 & a
note of $150.55 interest and all of Ma. I am to take it to Ripley soon & record the
proceedings. Dr. Ayres, W.T. Dickerson & L. Nabors are the commissioners to whom I
am under great obligations for their kindness, as they would not be paid for their
trouble. I don't think I'll forget that I saw a man, Mr. Jacob Bogard direct from Ark who
tells a deal of marvelous tales of Ark, life. Began to snow about 2 ocl this evening,
fiercely fell & whirled till after night; about 9 ocl at night the moon shone out above our
heads, making a wild pleasing scene. We walked out; the snow was 8 in's deep; look at
the cedars loaded down with the spotless down of Heaven. We shook it off & scared a
sweet little bird from the thick branches; he flew twittering off through the cold snow-
burdened air to seek some other sheltered spot. Miss Mat. Nooner & La. Fayette came
this morning & stayed with us tonight - not very cold.
1/20 What a wild indescribable world meets our aching eyes this morning.
Whiteness in all
it's purity has shrouded all in beauty & every thing is still except the sighing breath of
winter throuth the cracking frozen limbs making the snow fall. We are all staying at
home with Miss Mat. & Fayette with us. Oh! but we have had funn snow balling this
morning. Then we would settle around the fire each with book or paper as silent as the
toomb enjoy ourselves over the past. But dinner has come too soon. So we must go to
it. Dear we took fed fire & shoulder then read and talked. I got out my sleigh and
hitched up. Chas, Fayt.& I rode down the lane & met John's old man. He wanted
John's bridle but didn't get it. They were all well & are all coming up next week. I took
Mat N. in my sleigh & troted her home while Chas & Fayette brought up the rear on
horse back. Nobody but the home-folks were there. Mr. Lax caught a rabbit. Nannie
would not ride with me. I came back at dusk, the clouds parted their red curtains to
show us where the sun went out then Sallie & I rode around & put up sleek 'Ginny Lind'.
We eat a home free supper & spent an evening at our own fireside merily for I
made the fire. Our sheep with their tender lambs are safely housed & every thing is
well fed - Aint we happy!
1/21 Verry cold; clouds & sunshine, snow melting a little.
Chas at Mr. Lax today hunting.
Squire & Mose working on Mr. Casey's plows. Wm & I went a rabbit hunting, caught
one by dinner. Then I started to Ripley & to Uncle Chas Davenports. I had a verry cold
ride; I caught up with & rode with a Tennesse hog driver to Uncle Chas; got there near
dark. They were all well & glad to see me. We talked untilll 12 ocl & went to freeze in
bed. Oh how cold it is.
1/22 Coldest morning this year as yet. Ther 2 degrees below zero.
Clear & still. I started to
Ripley about 10 ocl.; very cold lonesome ride. I got there just 12 ocl. Met Mr. Hunt &
went over with him to dinner & sat with his interesting family and Jud quote Rogan an
hour; walked back by Mrs. Sue Berry's to court. I got my business arrainged very quick.
I tried to hire Mose but was too late. Saw & conversed with Fletcher Asbury & started
home in a gallop about 3 o'clock geting in co with a jolly traveller from Panola after
stoping an hour with Mrs. Thorne. We listened to & told tales of courtship & how to get
married. He was a widower & had a little dark-eyed boy of six with him. I parted
company with him at Yellow-rabbit & thundered on to Mr. Nabors & warmed; then home
after dark the icekles jingling on ginny's feet as she swiftly carried me through the cold
keen frosty air. While the large full moon rose in the east like a shining lump of gold,
rising solomnly; but the dark still trees on the white hills. Chas is not back yet from
hunting. A letter from Lydia.
1/23 Very cold. Clear bright morn. I. hauling wood the rest
are cuting rail timber. The snow
has melted very little as yet. Wm & I hauled ten loads of wood today. Mr. Cary got his
horse shod again by Mose. Emry Osborne brought Nan home. Clear all day after
sunset; a cloud was seen near the horizon. Chas come home been to Jas E. Beck & T.
Toomb's hunting all the time but killed nothing.
1/24 Moderating a little, clouding up, ground froze verry hard.
I started to Lagrange early
to see if I could hire Mose. I had cold ride geting there at noon & took dinner at Dabbs.
Miss Virginia Toombs presiding over the table. Snow. Snow! everywhere yet. I could
not dispose of Mose. Seeing the follie of Lagranges' fast clerk calling for sympathy, I
started home meting Wm Osborne at Davis' Mills going to Louisiana he said. I got to
Salem after supper, stoped & warmed at Wm Ayres. Jolly was gone but I caught him
again at the Livery Stable. It sleeted a little after dark. The moon rose in golden glory
as I troted home, thinking of My Wife of boyhood; home by 8 ocl & took supper. The
boys have hauled 11 loads of wood & split & cut rails.
1/25 Clouds smoothe & slaty are droping a storm of snow; been snowing
Snow wild thick & driving untill noon; about 4 inches deep & melting fast. We all tore
down the Alex Williams' house & are hauling down this evening for a kitchen. We have
wild fun snow balling. We hauled 1 load of the house & quit because of the rain getin
faster Ôtill bed time. geting snow soft like mud. W.L. Nooner stoped from Salem after
dark just as we were going to supper; he stayed all night. Awfull! awfull night - rain,
sleet & snow.
1/26 A storm; clouds from no-east raining snowing & sleeting.
Snow in a loblolly 4 in's. W.L.
Nooner left for home after breakfast. We are mending harness. I half-soled Wm's
shoes. Chas & George went out & caught 1 rabbit. Mr. Poff brought up his boys with
the lost buttons; he whaled them every step here & back raising a pretty squall.
Charles & I went a rabbit hunting & caught one. Clouds changed to so-east; heavy &
dark - held up untill night then it come again. Snow, sleet & rain. We have 20 lambs.
1/27 Warmer morning - snowed rappidly for awhile from the south.
Wind very high. Dark,
misty clouds sweeping up with the wind from the south rendering the day gloomy all
out-doors. We are all at home again except Wm who went after our papers at Salem.
Chas is skeching for the Harper's A family fireside in the south. Wm has just returned
with the "Appeal & Advocate"; no news from town. Turned colder about 12 ocl; ice
forming everywhere; few light flakes of snow whirling up & down & around. daylight
faded into Egyptian darkness shrouding all in silent gloom. My eyes are verry sore so
that I can't read. I wrote a ltter to Aunt Lydia.
1/28 Very cold wind and snow from the southwest. Mose went
back to Holly Springs for
$200 to S.B. Wright. We boys are hauling the Alex house down - very cold; finished
hauling the house. The clouds parted & the sun shone brightly before going down.
Very clear after dark. I'm thinking mutch of Mollie E.G. - Why? Oh Why? My throat is sore.
1/29 Some warmer. Very clear bright & beautifull day.
We all killed our last fat hogs, 6
sows weighing 894 lbs. Mr Casey & Pntson come hunting hog; eat dinner with us. We
finished the pork little after noon & took the waggon & went up towards Mrs. Hannis' &
hued out & hauled home 6 rocks for house blocks. Charlie & I lay on a moss grown rock
& talked of loving Mollie. Few clouds at sunset.
1/30 Clear bright day. Mose came back from H.S. don't want him.
Pigions flying from the
east by millions in the morn. We all put up the walls of our kitchen. Man come by
hunting sick negro at Mr. Lax'. I had to whip Mariah & Nan for fighting this morning;
the ground melted a little at noon but froze again before night. I am going to Mr. S. Nesbitts' tomorrow.
1/31 Verry cold & cloudy. I started to S. Nesbitts.
I stoped in Salem & got business to do in
Holly Springs of Wm Ayres. Sleeted on the way & some rain. I got to H.S. by 1:00 &
found T. Hamer buying a negro; being to busy I attended to the business myself. A
letter to W.F. Mason and an answer. got a deed for land, for O. Beck of H. Craft & I
took $306 for G.W. Mathews. Paid the Sherriff $135.70 leaving $171.30 recpt. I left
Holly Springs at 3:oc; it cleard off at half past three. Clear as the first born day of
Eden. Very mudy riding. I saw pretty girls at Sqr. Moores leaning, laughing out the up
story window. I found my way to Mr. S. Nesbitt's in the dark wild woods just at dark,
got down, met Mrs. Nesbitt at the door, introduced myself & went in the room and was
warmly & smillinglly greeted by Miss Mollie & introduced to her beautiful but high
flown sister who I think is witt & inteligent but rather haughty and unfeeling! but
Mollie I love her so mutch for her sweet endearing qualities. The memory of this night
can never be blotted out by all the rude storms of life with which my future road is
filled. I made the acquaintance of Dr. Fowler & Mr. Fowler & Mr. Nesbitt. He is such a
kind old man. I like so well; such kindness is not often shown by strangers. The girls
played & sung such melting songs that lost me in an ocean of feeling, ceasing. I started
from dead silence, finding my eyes filled with tears. Was it weakness in me to hide those tears?
2/1 Bright sunshiny morn. I slept very little last night; why
I can't tell. Ground froze very
hard. Breakfast was held after sun up & we went in Miss Mollie & Mattie with smiling
faces & glossy hair as black as the raven's wing falling in dreamy profussion round their
soft white necks, seated on the opposite side of the plenteous table of the good
plain old man. Oh he must be the happiest man on earth. I got my horse & shook hands
with all & left for Byhalia. I eat dinner with Joe Morris & was about to hire Mose to him
but did not. I stopped & talked with The Rodgers. Met Mr. Arnold in the road. Went to
Mr. Smiths, he talked of hiring but did not. I went on to Mr. J. Nesbitts; went in, met
John & all the girls & Mrs Nesbitt, so happy doing nothing but talking; the girls lookied
rosey, profuse, rich, sweet & dreamy. O they were smiling lumps of sweetness. Mr. D
& N. Nesbitts came to the gate & got a fellow to toping the trees around; they seemed
so glad to see me. I laughted some at the dry jokes of Nathan N. I stayed there till
after dark then went to Uncle N. Nabors, found them all happy & well; seem glad to see
me. They have been to Memphis & bought boots, hats, saddles & goodies. Had
pleasent converse untill late bed tme. Irvin played his flute grand.
2/2 Rather cloudy & colder. I left early & went over to
N. Nesbitt. Very cold wind here.
Here was Miss Allen & after a while Mr. Nesbitt & rode over to Esq. Durhams; he didn't
want to hire, he is a smart man, has sweet little girls of ten. We come back to his (N.
Nesbitt's) house for a splendid dinner after which Miss Julia Arnold & Miss Mcleroy
come in from Mr. Hoke's; no talk about them but they were pretty girls. Miss Julia's
brother Dawson was there horse got loose & he rode behind me. We caught his horse &
I stoped at Mr. Rodgers; made the acquaintance of Jas & his father. So friendly. I like
them. I left there at 1/2 3 ocl for S. Nesbitts where I got after dark, shook hands all
round & was intoduced to Mr. Rufus Mathis , a beau of Mattie Nesbitt's, I suppose.
Began to snow very fast then & snowed on while the girls played sweet music & sung
songs of richness. I spent the greatest part of my time in listening & laughing at the
funny talk of Mr. Mathis & Mattie; the girls would put their rosey dimpled hands on
their soft cheeks to shade the light & look out the window pane & say ÔOh how it
snows'. I slept by myself & dreamed.
2/3 Verry cold with wind from the north but very clear. I got
up just before sun up & tried
to smoothe my hair with a brush after washing my face in a bowl; throwing the warter
out at the window. Breakfast was anounced & we went in & eat hartily of sausage &
fried ribs, hominy, butter, cheese, corn bred & busicuit, coffee & milk. They had verry
small flowerd china cups & saucers. We finished before the girls & old folks & went to
the fire; the girls soon come bringing life & beauty with them. We set & conversed
merrily around the large roaring fire. I sadled Polk & then dried my feet till I clasped
their hands & shook the hearts of each kind friends & left Mr S. Nesbitts and his
esteemable lady & beauteous daughter for home when the soft light snow glitterd with
stars, 3 inches deep in the bright sunshine so poysonful to the eye. Oh! Oh! what a
cold ride I had the long ten miles of the Hermando road to H.S. I met to buggies with
people in them & got down to warm at the hotel at 12 ocl. Jas Jones is keeping bar in
it. another cold ride seeing vast flocks of wild piggeons on the trees & ground till I
warmed at Tom Crumps. I got to Salem as the sun sank in the cold blue west. I
warmed at Wm Ayres & got a letter from R.M. Bostwich at Louesville. I gathered up the
papers I got in H.S. for W. Ayres. I got home after supper nearly froze & told over my
2/4 Extremely cold but clear. We set & read all day, too cold
to work. Squire & Mose geting
coal timber on the sled. Mr. Casey here all the evening, saw my letter praised in
the Advocate. We eat backbones & sauce biscuit & corn bread, butter, coffe & milk for supper. North winds.
2/5 Awful cold obscure sky; wind from the southeast. I mended
George's shoe then Chas &
I nailed up the gable ends & nailed on 6 rows of boards on the kitchen - the rest are
knocking stalks & cuting coal wood. Mr. Lipford come by & we paid him the last of the
school-debt ($3.60). We children set in the clouded-room, talk, laugh, sing & make music.
2/6 Wild stormy morning; wind rushing & roaring, making everthing
tremble with fear, is
howling from so-so-east. Black cloud dashing a few hail lumps & rain againth the
frozen ground. I mended Graydon's boots then worked on the house. Chas, Mose &
Squire put up & set the coal kiln. Stormy, with driving, drenching, cold rain.
2/7 Warmer, thick cloudy & still. The coal-kiln nearly burned
up last night. Just 20 lambs
alive now. Chas & I nailed on boards on kitchen. Snowed verry hard Ôtill noon but
melted as it fell then got foggy & misty by night; bleak & lonely day. Ginning Poff
cotton; band broke 4 or 5 times. Squire & Mose & Nan are cuting coal-wood. Just
before dark Old Mr. Lipford asked leave to stay all night; he was sick or drunk & kept us up all night.
2/8 Colder snowed 2 inches deep last night but the sun shines warm &
is melting fast. Chas
& I finished covering the house today. Clouded up & turned very cold from the north.
We started to the pegeon-roost beyond Mr. Pool's; John & Sam Nabors going too. Mr. Lipford is here sick yet.
2/9 Cold & clear. We walked all night shooting piggeons.
Oh what grand exciting sporte!
but the walking was dreadfull. We (five guns) killed some 600 piggeons. We brought
home 135. While we were feeling verry drowsy, come by dinner & then pulled down
the coal kiln but we got only about 50 bushels & then put it up again. Just at dark John
& Fannie Nabors come to stay all night. We had a merry time; played blind-fold; went to bed late.
2/10 Mild beautiful spring morning; clear as paradise. Some snow
to be seen yet. Mr. Chas
Daukins & brother come in this morning & we are all going to preaching. Sallie & John,
Fannie & Daukins went to Hopewell by Spencer; few out. I & Wm went to Liberty
preaching by Lamert; few out. She was there so melancholy & etheral; looked as if she
did not belong to this world & set with her eyes fixed on Chas & was thinking of her
bright home in Heaven. Oh! why do I cheerish such a wild impossible Hope? I can't
help it. I tacked an advertisement up near the church of our Blacksmith & came home &
eat piggeons for dinner & after Fannie & John & Francis Nooner left. Sallie & I went
down to Mr. Lax's. Martha was gone home with Lucy Beck. So we had a jolly time
with Nancy & Fayette & Mr. Lax & his good wife. Mud Mud! Never was the like of mud.
2/11 Warm like spring but Cloudy & misty with high wind. We
got up before day & after
breakfast we left for Emisy Becks, the rain blew in our faces by drifts while our horses
mired & floundered on in the soft yielding earth. I got down & stayed awhile at Emisy's
& then got home by dinner I left Sallie there. She is going with Martha & Lucy to John's
tomorrow. Chas began his school again today. We daubed and chinked the kitchen this
eve. Cleared off at sun set, the ground is thawed. I was surprised to see the marriage
of Miss Mollie E. Gregory to a Mr. John More in the Appeal. It took place on Wednesday, Jan'y 16th/56.
2/12 Clear bright spring like. Gining cotton & knocking stalks,
building chimney. Piggeons
coming over by millions. Mr. R.H. Daniel come & stayed all night he has quit Bufalo's
2/13 Bright clear morning. I am finishing fireplace in kitchen.
Squire & Mose are finishing
the chimney. R.H. Daniel left after breakfast & S.D. Rhodes called in to borrow my gun
but I didn't let him have it. We finished the house so that we could use it today. Cold
north wind; hard freezing at night.
2/14 Beautifull clear day. I hung the doors of the kitchen.
The rest bailed two bales for A.
Poff & our last bale cotton. At noon Nancy & her children come from Tippah with Sallie.
they have been to T.S. Toombs one day. John sent $20 to us & credited on the due bill.
We all drew our coal kiln again at dark.
2/15 Dim melancholy morning. Hauling up coal & cuting stalks
off of wheat. I went to
Salem but to Alex Williams first for money but he said he did not have a cent. I eat
dinner with them; verry poor dinner. I got to Salem about 2 ocl, settled with W.H.
Brock. Mr. Henry is going to bring on a stack of goods & has hired Wm. Bunn to clerk for
him at somthing over $200 a year. Marrion Bogard wants me to go with him & hunt up
money. He is verry keen for me but I can't leave home. Bunn is courting at Mr.
Machens I think. I went in at Mr. Wheatley's & conversed with his lady an hour without
five Misses were not there. Selby has 5 scholars & Mr. Smith has 12 boys. Mrs.
Williams come down & stayed all night here to night. Warm night; moonshine.
2/16 Warm, bright, beautiful but very windy day. The hens cackle
all the time. I and Wm
staked off & cut out a fence row below the orchard. John Williams came up from
Tippah by noon & at 2 ocl left with Nancy & the children to stay all night at Ed Rieves.
We are spliting rails cuting stalks off wheat which shows green now & working in Shop.
I advertised flour, oats, & peas, for sale in Salem yesterday. North wind blew verry
hard at sunset & after turning very cold again. After supper we boys got the gun &
went all over the woods next to Mr. Beck's hunting for piggeons but give up & laid
down in the grass listening to the roaring wind that seemed to be trying to blow out the
smiling moon hung so high & clear in the dark eather blue.
2/17 Quite cold again but still verry clear.We girls & boys saddled
up & started to preaching
at "Pisgah" but met F.M. Nooner who told us that it was a disappointment & we went
back home. After noon R.H. Daniel come & spent the evening spluttering about
nothing. While I delved in the periodical literature of which we have no little . Evening
came on with dim hazy clouds absorbing the western horizon setting in a cold freezing
night. I wrote a Valentine to Mollie Nesbitt tonight.
2/18 Cold north wind stirring; sun shines warm but dim after 12 ocl.
I finished cuting the
fence row by noon then worked on the spring some & hauled new rails untill dark; the
rest are spliting rails & cuting stalks off wheat. Chas is going on with his school; has
only 7 scholars; he speaks of quiting & going to Louisiana.
2/19 Thick, cloudy with cold stilly winds. John & Nancy
started home this morning from Mrs.
Williams. She is going with them. I hauled new rails untill dinner then Squire & Nan
hauled old rails while I laid the worm of the fence. Dark high rough clouds slowly
creeping up from the so-west. Sprinkling rain now& then stoping untill it set in with the
night raining slowly but regularly as night rolls on. We all reading Harper's.
2/20 Wintery no-easter storm rain & wind - on - on - all day &
night again the patter & splash
of the rain fell on lonely things making a wearysome day. I read Little Dorrit & worked
on the windows; mooved the coffee mill & made pins to hang clothes on. The rest
spun rope thread, shelled corn & worked in the shop. Ma & the girls quilted a quilt after supper & took it out.
2/21 Damp, thick, cloudy morning, rather cool. Cuting wood all
hands. I took my gun & went
down the branch to kill rabbits while the hounds run out; killed none but tracing the line
of our land out east I come on millions of piggeons. I made my gun roar among them
but got only three & come home, eat dinner & took all hands & went to hauling rails &
puting them up east of the grass lot along the edge of the swamp. An Irish-table-clothe- peddler stays all night.
2/22 Washington's birthday. Damp thick drizzling morn. We
finished the fence - 92 panel.
Wm went to town; got the papers. I received a letter from W.L. Phifer dated Jan
11th/56. The moon broke through the eastern clouds & shone upon this miry world
with all its pale beauty. Oh it sees brighter worlds than ours millions of miles away!
2/23 Cloudy, windy morning blowing off clear & beautiful by noon.
We are repairing fence &
hauling wood & rails; spliting & choping. The sun is wooing the buds & they are
swelling with blushes being emotions to give away to his soft warming caresses
illustrating the beginings of Love & passion in our higher natures. Chas went to Salem
this evening - correcting a mistake in my advertisement of peas at 50 cts bus. W. D.
Beck offered to take all we had at that but Chas asked him no. J.T. Beck was married to Miss Rebeca Louis last tuesday (19).
2/24 Clear & bright happy morn. I shaved & we all went
to Salem preaching by Rev Mr.
Harris; poor sermon. Mr. JT. Beck brought his wife in a buggy charmingly soft & easy &
grandly glided her to the laughing Darthula & Mourning who received their new sister
with sweet smiles & warm kisses. Happy girls! they know not sorrow or sadness nor
the realities of this cold hearted world. May life ever be as smoothe & happy to you
both! We caught up with them at the creek & I spoke to them as they looked so calm &
dreamy-beautiful. Mourining lost her earring in the church. Squire found it. We took
dinner Francis & Fayette with us then after seting awhile we (Sallie, Eliza) rode down
to Mr. Nabor's. Martha & Nannie Nooners were there & a croud besides; we had a
joyous time & came home at twilight. Martha says Mourning B has a message for me!
Miss Selby & Fannie W. sent by the negroes for me to come after them next Friday
without fail to bring them out home with me. Who-o-o-o-oe! (?)
2/25 Clouds & sunshine; cool. We got up before day & loaded
up with Poffs two bales & our
last one & I and Wm started to Lagrange out by R. Mcdonald - the Old Joe Hick' place
we met Asbury Freeman just from Garretts - been courting. Francis Nooner started
from Dr. Whitlow's before day for Lagrange. We crossed Wolf at the Blue-bridge verry
muddy through the bottom just at dusk; we saw a small cloud far over towards the
setting sun that looked like a blazing comet - spike of fire so bright like a golden river
broken to fragments. We camped one mile from Lagrange on a south hill side covered
with dark tall sighing pines. Our 8 roosters in the basket crowed shrilly while the
silvery moon rose up from behind the thick pines. Now & then the snowy clouds would
steal softly over it making the world darker by the great shadows that looked like
mighty gosts mooring over the swamps & hills.
2/26 Cloudy but cool. We met Francis Nooner as we were driving
through Lagrange. I sold
cotton at 8.30 & 6.75; got a cast plow & $16.00 worth of goods & tin ware; got a tin
gutter for the shed room. Sold our chickens for 12-1/2 cts & eggs at 12-1/2 doz.
Sprinkling rain all morning but commenced in earnest after noon. We started from LaG
half past 2 ocl & troted fast throught the deep mud & driving rain seeing cotton &
waggons left all along the road. We were 7 miles from Salem when the dreadful dark
stormy night fell with gloom over all but we went on splashing & heaving on with our
tired mules. So dark I could not see the out line of the mules; we came through Salem
the windows threw long streams of light out which only made the darkness visible. We got home at 9 ocl
2/27 Cool with clouds & sunshine. Spliting rails over towards
the Autry place. I read until
noon then rode down to get specie from Mr. Nabors but I did not have any. I stayed till
after supper. Jas Crg was there; he has sold out every thing & is going back to his Ma.
Heard the first cooing of a dove. Rev. Mr. Mcfarland borrowed our trowel. Old Mr. Casey over.
2/28 Clouds & sunshine. We bought a turkey gobler of Mr. Lax
at .75 cts. Mr. Casey came
over before breakfast to get the remnent of Poffs cotton money. I went to Salem & c
changed a $100. for small bills of B.H. Henry who was starting to New York to bring on
a stock of goods. I gave 3 per cent to J. Crunk for gold. Mr. Burgess offers me a note
on E. Rieves of $5.00 for his Acct of $.50 I mailed a note of Harper's to cousin John
Terry. Barney Torrence sold negro Harriet to Mr. Bird living below H. Springs. Mr.
Warren Day started with his 5 bales to Market. B. Torrence walked down & paid Ma
thirty dollars on the judgement in the hands of Huggepeth. Ma is to hold it up for
awhile. About 2 ocl I hitched up the waggon & went to work on the road between here
& Hopwell but just got the land worked by night. Hands from Mr. Casey & Lax. Mr.
Lax went to Salem tonight to hear Rev. H.G. Spencer. Breezy & clear; warm, pleasant evening.
2/29 Clouds & sunshine; cool. I started to Ripley with Moses
to hire also to pay tax. Samuel
Poff went with me. We got there about 12 ocl. I hired Moses to Mr. Buckhanan for
$2.00 until Christmas; he tried him an hour or two & liked him verry well. I paid our tax
($19.26) & saw F. Asbury, A. Daniel & Mr. Berry. He asked me in to dine but I thanked I
had a snack. Mrs. Berry he said was mad because I didn't eat. Mr. D. Nesbett come up
& took Mary home a week agone. I bought Mat a pair of earrings at $3.00. We walked
all over the new courthouse & was highly pleased with it. Mr. B. hired a horse for
Moses to ride back & we stated home leading it in c/o with S. Poff & G. Thomas. We
had a merry ride telling tales & cracking jokes at the expense of each other. While the
clouds got thicker & darker the dark come on at yellow rabbit. I stoped at Mr. L. Nabors
a few minutes & gave him a ÔPower of AtorneyÓ I brought for him from Ripley. Began to
rain soon after I got home. Preaching in Salem.
3/1 Cool misty, drizzling morn. I went to Salem & got a note
of E.D. Rieves for 5.00
Collected small debt of Jas. D. Webb. I took dinner at W.T. Dickersons & paid two
dollars to the preachers. Chas & Wm working their young oxen. The rest are spliting
rails. Moses started up to Ripley this morning in the rain. I rec'd a letter from T. A.
Meares & wrote on to I.G.Nabors.
3/2 Cold north wind - ice; ground froze, very clear. We all went
to preaching at Salem by
Rev. Mr. Blackwell - a splendid sermon but we nearly froze; great many pretty girls out.
The Czar of Tippah went home with Fannie Wheatley & Miss Harriet J. This a pleasure
to dream of the future. R.D. Daniel come, after noon & stayed till night. Chas. Wm &
myself went to preaching with. I eat supper at Mr. Daniel's & then went up to Mr.
Machen's & come with Misses Grace A & Mollie M. to church but did not go back with
them. Clear frosty night; stars sparkling; alone dark night.
3/3 Bright beautiful day, warmer. Mr. Poff come over early &
mad. I settled with him; paid
him 3 dollars & I owe him one. I took 24.20 for Old Mr. Casey. I paid Mr. Casey his
money when he come just before Mr. Poff left. He (Casey) owes me 83 cts. Mr. Poff
gave his note for $80 rent this year for 32-1/2 acres land; he is to sow oasts & rye on
shares; we find oats & land for half the gain, after it's cut. We got two sleepers & after
taking out all the wheat & peas, put them into the kitchen & proped up the rest by
dinner. Then all hands went to hauling rails & righting up the fence around the gin-
field. I hitched Polk to the buggy & Sallie & I went to Mr. Nabors to take Fannie & go to
J.L. McDonalds but finding Mrs. Lax & Mat. N. there on a visit we spent the evening
there geting Artichokes, eating, talking & walking Ôround. After Mrs. Lax & Mat. walked
off home, we took up a stray mule & horse; saddled up the horse & run & rode him up &
down the road till sundown; found one starting home with little Nannie N & leaving
Sallie to stay the night at Mr. L. Nabors. Windy.
3/4 Warm spring day, clear & beautiful. We began to sow oats
in the valey; these are white
oats. Squire is spliting rails. I hitched up polk & took little Nannie back to Mr. Nabor's.
Their negro had a baby. Sallie & Fannie went with me to Jas. L. Mcdonald's & we
stayed all day. Walked over to the school-house & stayed awhile. I caught Miss Sarrah
Hasher for a beau. We got flowers for fanny & saw Mr. Alex Crofford at Mr. Mcd's; he
walked over the garden with us. We got back to Mr. Nabors's by sundown. Mr. Sam
Asbury at Mr. Nabor's. We come home amid the dieing light of day. Preaching at Salem
tonight. Wm went. We got a litter from Aunt Polly Terry who says D.Q. Anderson is
married to a Miss Griffse; Hurrah for Davy! The Terry's are fixing up for Texas this fall.
Wesly is going to look this spring & I believe I will go with him.
3/5 Clouds & sunshine, warm like spring. Five plows sowing
oats in the vally; a sheep &
beef hunter came into the field but got none. Mrs. Autry & her daughters stayed the
day with Ma. I & Charles went over to Mr. Rieves to get flowers & beets. Alex & Ed
were stocking a plowing & Ann setting by. We taulked awhile & then they envited us
over but we didn't ask them; we went to plowing
3/6 Clouds & sunshine, warm morn but turned cold before night.
We are plowing in black
oats & making hillside ditches. Sallie & Eliza walked down to Mr. Lax to spend the day.
The doves are cooing & why shouldn't I.; the frogs are singing love songs to their
sweethearts & why shouldn't I! I finished a letter to W.L Phifer tonight.
3/7 Cool, clear morn; ground froze an inch deep. Sowing oats.
Made & cleaned out ditches.
We cut out the briars bush & logs from the lower end of the great ditch to the branch.
Charles & Ma started to John Williams. Warmer, clouded up this evening. Poff got 20
lbs flour for a loging road.
3/8 Beautiful clear day. Hauled wood until dinner. The rest
cut logs in the orchard & the
gin-field then I let them all go to a negro wedding at Mr. Wellon's. After noon we, Sallie
Mort., Wm. George, Graydon & Jack took the mules & waggon to the graveyard; directly
we got there. People come to bury little Billie Ray - 75 persons in all. He was laid
away silently without a word while all looked on with a solumn stillness. They all left
soon & we went to work on poor Pa's sunken grave; hauled a load of rich soil & filled it
up & scattered around. I spaded it up all around then set out Hollis, scotch-boonas,
roses, honey-suckles & box evergreen, then built a fence around it. Wm & George went
to Mr. Scott's & got Moses boxes & clothes. We got home after dark. I rec'd a letter
from J.F. Asbury & Sallie one from cousin Nannie Green. R. M. Bostwich got home this
evening after supper Mcd's George come in & got some flour & eggs.
3/9 Bright morning but dim clouds over cast the heavens
by 9 ocl & continued so the day
out. We got up late & eat breakfast then read a while; fixed up & rode Gin & Jolly to
Hopewell preaching by Rev. Mr. Spencer. 70 persons there. Lucy B. was there looking
very pale. Mc.Nabors rode to church with Fannie & they went to Mr. Lax for dinner.
Rev. Mr. R.H. Daniel rode home with us & took dinner, then went to Mr. Lax's & to
Nabor's. for dinner. Wm & George went to Salem preaching by Rev. Mr. Mcfarland -
good many out. Preaching at Liberty by Rev. Lambert. Ma & Chas came home late;
they took dinner & spent the evening at Mr. Spencers. ÔGenie & Fannie were at home
full of conversation & smiles & said they were verry lonesome. They are coming to see
us they say in a few days. I wrote a letter to J.F. Asbury.
3/10 Verry cold obsure day ground froze ice every-where; cold north
wind. Hauling manure
into the garden; we trimed the orchard & set out sprouts & peach trees cuting briars in
fence corners & cuting logs. Wm went to Salem & after potatoes but got none. He sold
eggs at 10 cts doz. Poff got 2-1/2 bushels of black oats to sow. We have lost 3 of our hogs.
3/11 Cold, cloudy, sleeting by spells; hailed last night.
Pinson come to ask us to roll logs for
Mr. Casey. I went & we finished just before night. We had great political &
astranomical controversys only brighting our intelect & roushing our thinking powers,
for the mind needs exercise as well as the body. And mind you our bodys got plenty of
it. At noon we partook of a bountiful dinner of numerous good things prepared by the
good mother Casey.
3/12 Cold, cloudy, windy day. Wm, Chas & I plowed in oats
all day. Squire & Mandy hauling
manure into the orchard. They hauled ten loads into the garden. Billie with the rest
are sprouting & cleaning out fence corners above the gin. Fannie Nabors walked up &
spent the day with the girls; she wants to marry, says they use her unkindly at home,
he thinks so at least. I wrote a letter to T.A. Meares tonight. Dark clouds from the
north; cheerless night.
3/13 Cold, rain, then sleet & finally snow in a storm covering the
ground in a few minutes.
Such a scene; icecles hanging on every limb & bud while the snow rushes through in
fury- regardless of the laws of nature. We worked in the shop till 11 ocl. Then went to
the show at Salem - Chas, Wm, George & myself & 3 negros. Brant come after Rachel to
hire or buy. Mr. Wheatly was not at home & Mrs. W. would not let her go. I saw her at
Mrs. Brown's. Show rather slim affair & as slimly attended; they had 4 Elephants & a
camel, a lion & numerous other animals & birds. Miss Bess Mathews, Nannie Ayres,
Sallie, John & Grace, Mary Machen were some of the best looking girls there. There
were 7 Organ gals singing over the town, leaving taints were ever the tuched with
their slimy fingers. They were the lowest outcasts of Eve's degonerate daughters. I
met & talked with Dr. Bostwich; he look finely & has a very respectable goatee of
blazing red on his chin. Cleared of serene & beautiful revealing the soft pale moon
looking calmly down from the west - Music Music -
3/14 Cold, bright morn, getting warmer as the day advances.
Ground froze hard. Chas & I
are sowing oats beyond the orchard in the pea-patch. Mr. Osborne come to borrow
money but got none. Wheat has two or three leaves & can't be seen verry far, has a
verry good stand. Mr. McMayhon called to trade a rockaway for a buggy but we did not
wish to participate. Sallie wrote a letter to Mrs. Nancy Bea Green.
3/15 Dim mixture of clouds, sunshine, smoke & cold damp air.
Chas finished sowing oats -
sowed 12-1/2 bus of white & 20-1/2 of black in all. Chas then plowed up the side yard
& planted wire-grass while Mat. & I burned a plant-bed near the bell-houses. I went to
Salem early & mailed two letters; one to T.A. Meares & to N.B. Green. Will Ayres &
Mcdonald were auctioning their last goods. I paid Ma's Acct there in full $50.00. Allso
$20.00 on Dr. bill. I rec'd of J.W. Burgess in full $4.30. I come home about 2 ocl with
Mr. Asbury; he got 11 bus of peas at $1 cash. Dim evening, bright night.
3/16 Bright sunshiney day. Sallie & I went to preaching at
Salem by Rev Mr Spencer; not
many out. She was not there - Sent Rachel to go C.W. by giving up Mr. Wheatley's note
& taking another for ten dol. Mitchum's Dick was here & thought I was going to marry.
Chas stayed at home all day. Sallie & I went down to Mr. Lax's after dinner & spent the
evening very pleasently conversing & looking at v "Gody's Book". Home at dark.
3/17 Cloudy, misty cold day. I went to Salem & got a recomendation
for a clerkship by Mr.
W. Dickerson, W. Ayres, Col. Leak, Dr's Davis & Ayres. Come home by 2 ocl, eat,
hitched up Polk then Sallie & I started to Uncle Davenports were we got just at dark.
We saw a wild white squiril on a tree near yellow rabbit. Uncle Chas had gone to
Memphis. They hauled manure & repaired fence at home today. Dark, dizmal, misty
evening - melancholy.
3/18 Just such a day as yesterday; gloomy day - cold. I went on
to Ripley & left Sallie at
Uncle's. I got to Ripley just at 12 ocl & give Mose his box & took dinner with J.F. Asbury
at Chas Millers. I tried to get employment as a clerk but did not succeed; some
probabillity of geting in at Coal's Mr. A.M. Berry was glad to see me & was anxious for
me to be employed there. I started back after 3 ocl & stoped a while at Mr. Adkins; just
to see them; they were well & glad to see me. I passed a house after dark where they
had had a logrolling & were going to have a play of pineyhills sort. I got to Uncles after
dark. Old Mrs Davenport and her son Doc were there. Cleared off after dark making a
3/19 Bright, beautiful, spring day; ice this morning but warm now.
We got home by dinner.
Mrs. Lax & Mat Nooner on a visit. Who were verry communicative & full of fun for
ladies of 25 & 37. They were helping the girls quilt Eliza's fine quilt. They walked
home in the evening late. I sowed a bed of cabbage seed; eat a hearty supper & then
read about commodore Perry in Japan. bright moonlight.
3/20 Clear warm morning. No vegetation yet except the weeping
willows. I took my gun &
went down the swamp hunting our lost hogs, all through Mr. Beck's fields, up his long
hollow by the gin; they were sowing oats in the orchard & they ladies were at work in
the garden. I then went through Mrs. William's farm; saw Alex plowing. Old Charlie's
horse died yesterday. Through Dickerson's wheat - looks worse than ours which just
begins to show green at a distance. The wind blew very hard from so-west & brought a
thick smoke from the fire that was burning in Mr. Cox's farm. At last clouded up &
sprinkled after dark. Our folks are breaking up the stuble land in the uper valey &
spliting rails for the burnt fence there. Ma, Graydon & I expect to start to Desoto
tomorrow. T'is raining now from a dark angry cloud.
3/21 gloomy, clouds & cold wind. Ma, Graydon & I started
to Desoto Cty. We stoped in H.
Springs & I tried to get in a clerkship but did not. We got to Samuel Nesbitt's before
dark. And found no one at home. Mr. & Mrs. Nesbitt came in about dark. Mollie & Mat
3/22 Bright cool day. We left Mr. Nesbitts about 9 ocl & took
dinner at Mr. Arnold's; Julia
played & sung beautifully & she give me my first lessons in a game of domanoe. We
went on to Uncle Nabors' at night.
3/23 Bright, spring day. We all young folks went to Sunday school
at Corrinth. Oh the pretty
girls that were there; preaching by Rev Mr Reed on Universalism was splendid but two
long. Went back to Uncle Nabors'. Ma & I went to Tommy Nesbitt's, then saddled polk
& went with A. Arnold for to Uncle Demsey's. They all greeted us with smiles. Corrie &
Lou come in from Uncle Nathans'; after supper they all read 16 (XVI) chapt in Paul to the
corrinthians. We set up until 11 ocl & Anderson went home. I slept with John Nesbitt.
3/24 I went with Uncle Demsey to the mill & stayed untill 10 ocl
then back to Uncle Nabors'
stayed all night. Mrs. Williams was there all day.
3/25 I started early to Memphis on Polk & got there at 12 ocl.
Saw a great many fine ladies
& tried to get in to clerking at 12 or 14 places but they were all supplied. Walked
around & got a box of hair pins for Miss Julia & got my horse out & started back at 5
ocl. Rode sixteen miles to Widow Craft's were I got supper at ten ocl & then all slept in
the same room. Betsy Matlock with her sick Many.
3/26 Warm, bright day. I bid adieu to Mrs. Crafts at 9 ocl &
come on to Mr. Allen at the last
toll gate & set an hour or two & then went to dinner at Mr. Boyees; enjoyed myself
finely with him & his intelegent wife. At 3 ocl I went over to Uncle Nabors' were we
had a merry evening with Miss Mary & Bettie Nesbitt's; Who walked hone just before
dark. Kenerdy & I rode over & spent a jolly night at Uncle Tommy's.
3/27 Cool & clear. Aunt Malinda come over to Uncle Nabors'
with us & Kan went to plowing
while I & Uncle N went all over his land; it is very rich. After dinner we down in
coldwater bottom. Oh such level rich land was spread out there. About 4 ocl I carried
Aunt Malinda home & then went over to Uncle Demsey's to see the girls. Mary & Bettie
sung & played "Jimmie's on the stormy sea" and a number of other melting strains. Oh!
how it softened my heart & tears filled my eyes but I hid it all from those happy girls
who were so innocent & sweet. After supper Uncle Dempsey & John with their violins
accompanied the girls on their piano. That music I never heard before; in fact I never
heard music before. A. Arnold came after dark & stayed till bed time.
3/28 Cloudy & rain in the evening. I & John Nesbitt
rode down to the fish-trap & caught five
suckers. squirrils were jumping on all sides in the bottom. After we came back I
helped him graft pear cutings & plant trees. A. Arnold come in & stayed till just before
dinner. I asked Bettie to play "Jimmies on the stormy sea" & left for Uncle Nabor's
where I got after they were done eating. In the evening Ma, Uncle & I rode over to Mr.
Herringtons & looked at his land. It is verry rich but very illconvenient. He would put
no price on it. After we got back Uncle Demsey come over to go with us; he stayed at
N.N. till dark. I & Irvin hitched Polk up & went to Mr. Arnolds just as they were
finishing supper. Miss Tarkia was at home.
3/29 Cold driving rain, wintery & gloomy. Irvin & Anderson
got in the buggy & rode over to
Byhalia & stayed till 12 ocl. I stayed with Julia & Mag & Boyce with music and singing
by the neat kind girls. About 4 Anderson, Irvin & I went over to Uncle Demsey's & spent
the night conversing, singing & music on piano & violin by John & his four sisters sweet.
While the hours glided away to quick.
3/30 Cold rain now & then from the north. We small boys walked
through the mud to Sunday
school. Miss Julia & Mag Arnolds were there & Miss Lu McElroy were the girls. We all
said our lessons together. Ma is at Uncle Demsey's today. Kenerdy & I took dinner at
Uncle Nathan's & conversed with Miss Lou Mc. We hitched up & went back to Uncle
Nabors' & stayed an hour & got our trunk & said "Good bye" to all & come over to Uncle
Demsey's. Had some fun with Sam about going Uncle Nathans' & went home with him
& stayed all night. Aunt Malinda gave me a Shanghia rooster.
3/31 Clear beautiful day. Went back to Uncle Demseys' & swaped
Ma's with Lucinda Nesbitt
& said "Good bye" to all & went to G.B. Owings; stay all day & night. Miss Julia coppied
ÒGood ByeÓ for me & is going to send it by mail. Mr Owings & I walked over to Byhalia;
I got acquainted with several men & all the school boys were there; I saw Puss & Corrie
& Lou walking down to their boarding house at Mr. Waltons. They did not speak to me.
We spent the night very pleasently at Mr. Owings. I got Apple cutings of him.
4/1 Cold wind, obsure day. We left Mr. Owings early for home.
We stoped at H.S. while a
show there and an excelent band of music. I got my Accordion at Daniels $1.50. He is
4/2 Cool. clear morning; washing rain last night. We got home
at dark. I grafted those
pears, roses & Apples today 6 on the hill in the field. After dinner I rode over to Salem;
few there - a pair of Dentist there. I saw Mollie M. & Fannie W. out walking. Eygenie &
Fannie have been up to see the girls last week. S.D. Rhodes is out speying & marking.
4/3 Cool, beautiful spring morning. They buds are just begining
to swell; no peach blooms
yet. Chas began to plant corn today. Sallie & I are going to Tippah to see John's floks.
We stoped at Mrs. Spencers & her interesting daughters. After partaking a splendid
dinner. I listened to the mellow voices & piano of Miss Genie & Fannie that thrilling
song ÒI wonder does she love meÓ. Genie wanted to go with me but she could get no
horse. We arrived at John's at sun set & found them tolerable well only. Appearances
4/4 Clouds & sunshine, windy. I got up early & took a
hearty breakfast & went up to the
shop & handed S. Mcdonald a letter which proved to be from F.G. Ayres telling him of
land to sell near Lamar. I told him to come up & look at ours as we wished to sell; he
would. I & Sissy went a fishing but didn't get a bite. I killed one squirril & come to
dinner. Mrs. Redus & Ayres & come over & spent the evening. I went a hunting late;
had fine amusement climbing the moss-grown rocks & viewing the setting sun with
feelings of rapture. So I set on the topmost crag of highest point of the touring hill.
Great swing in Salem today. John went up this morning & come back tonight bringing
Dr. Ayres & Davis & W.L. Bunn. We went to bed early. Blew off cold.
4/5 Clear & frosty. I saddled & rode up to the "chilly
field" with John & then we hunted untill
10 ocl; killed one squirril & saw lots of turkeys. I left John & come to dinner. Sallie has
been up to see Mrs. Mcdonald all this forenoon. At 2 ocl we started home. Mrs. Redus accompanying us home & stayed all night. Who? should we find at home but John Nesbitt, well I was glad to see him. We conversed & musiced while the hours flew swiftly into the night. O but he's a noble fellow!
4/6 Warm day; indications of rain. John N- left for Ripley about
10 ocl. Chas, Sallie, Eliza
& I went to Salem & heard Rev M. McFarland preach a very good sermon but few out. J.T.
Beck & lady were there. I took dinner with Daukins & then to preaching at Mr. Garys by
Rev. Mr. Baswell; poor lengthy sermon - they got up shouting; six young babies there.
Just before sunset we started home. Daukins caught Fannie & I , Martha Nooner. I
parted from them at the Mill & sung on home after dark. Mrs. Redus here quite sick. I
saw the first hummingbird & first peach flooms & heard the first Whippoorwill.
4/7 I went to Salem after dinner & stayed Ôtill night.
I proposed to keep the Drug Store for
Dr. Davis but could not hear untill Thursday. I went up to Mr. Sulivans & got some seed
& cutings of the nectarine peach for Mrs. C. Owing's. Just before sunset I called &
stayed an hour listening at Miss Fannie Wheatley on the piano.
4/8 Warm & beautiful day. I grafted 25 peach trees of some
15 kinds. About ten ocl I went
home with Mrs. Redus. I saw her safe to John Budus' & then I went up to Mr. Machen's
& set conversing with Mary & her Ma. She showed me two of her prettiest quilts -
beauties indeed. At dinner Mr. John Roberson come from school with Henry & took
dinner. Mary played on an old crippled Accordeon whose music would have killed a
frogg to have heard it. I went into their orchard & got grafting roots & cutings of the
best fruit; come back to the house & talked while & walked over the yard & showed
Mrs. Machen & Mary how to 'bud' & graft - then caught my horse & left & got home
about dark. I grafted several of my cuttings. John Nesbitt come from Ripley about 12
ocl. Chas, the girls & he went a fishing down the branch & caught a mess of minows the
size of a pegingall; they had just got back as I come from Salem. We had music on the
flute, banjo & accordeon. Set up late with merry laughing. I & John slept togather.
4/9 Mellow, charming day; soft winds blowing, stiring with a gentle
motion the bursting
blooms of every kind that are pouring upon us like an avalanche of flowers. I set 73
apples in the vine garden while Chas & John were seting by & swinging on the old oak
near the gate. Went into the summer house in the flower garden. I read ÔLalla
Rooke' to John & Chas laying on the opposite side; read till the warning bell for dinner
bade us come. After noon we lay in the portico & in the grass rolling, reading the life of
Goldsmith by Irving & Moores melodies & other things till early supper was over. the
Polk to the buggy I & John went out to Salem expressly to hear Mr. Redus & Bradley on
the violin & banjo. We had it but al the rest of Salem was tight provoking laughter at
their foolery. John was finely pleased with the music. We come home through the
balmy air & dim moonshine & put up our horse & went to bed about ten ocl. While the
whippoorwils poured fourth their plaintive melody on the chilly night air. Memory
loves to treasure up such nights.
4/10 Oh such days will ne'er be forgot. John N. started early
home. I accompanied him to
Salem where we "Goodbyed". Dr Ayres & Davis coul not employ me under the
circumstances. I come home by dinner. I wrote a letter to Mr. Bogard at Brownsville
Ark to get into business with him there. I allso wrote to Mr. John G. Terry. The two
Miss Autry's spent the evening here. A table-cloth vender come in but left directly for
east. I read Lalla Rooke some & then to all after supper.
4/11 Warm with mellow light & wind. We made a rope & weighed
out the last of J. Craft's
cotton then Martha & Nannie come over & James set awhile with them & left; then I
read till dinner & Mattie & Nannie went home after dinner. Sallie, Eliza & I went part
the way home with them, near the spring we cut some grape vines & tied cups to the
droping wounds. This juice is said to be good to make the hair grow. I read till
4/12 Warm life giving breezes float o'er blooming naure making my heart
pleasure. I read & walked about till dinner, then I took George, Graydon, Em & Jack &
went down the branch a fishing. I caught 13 small ones; some as large as a peggingall.
I set were Darthula once sat on a mossy bank o'er the silver fishes in the cystal brook &
read some of Tom Moores sweetest Poems. My happiness would have been complete
if she had only been there to enjoy it with me. But Fate dictates as it is. He is an
unserving tyrant & must be obeyed. I come home after dark to find Z Smith & F. Nooner
to spend tonight with us. Chas & Wm went a fishing after dark.
4/13 Warm mellow florious day. Daukins come & went with me
to preaching at Hopewell by
Rev H.S. Lipford; a splendid sermon - not many out. L. Mcdonald there. I went to Mr.
Lax for dinner; 8 there for dinner conversed with the girls till 5 ocl & went home. Jas
Craft to stay all night.
4/14 Some cooler, geting dry, breezes from south.
Craft left early for Mr. Spencers. I read
the discarded Daughter in several no's of the "Laurrenvill Herald" & then went to work
in the flower garden, laid off & throwed out a new walk & dug up the rest of the ground.
4/15 Warm, very windy. Sallie, Eliza & I walked a fishing
to Day's Mill & fished awhile &
then went up to Pisgah & heard the Rev Mr Cumly preach a very poor sermon to a few
person seated around against the wall while the wind shook the barn-like house. We
all round at the doors & all the people asked us home to dinner with them. We walked
over to Mr. Nabors & got a good dinner & conversed untill 2 0cl then walked back to the
mill & fished untill nearly sundown and went home. We children rolled in the yard
awhile & went to bed.
4/16 Warm & windy. Oh how the trees do grow, the leaves are
nearly grown. I saw the first
rose yesterday in the flower garden. I worked in the flower garden & finished it this
morning. I then wrote a letter to Harper & Bros. & one for sister Nancy to Mrs. M.
William. I read Modern History till night.
4/17 Warm & growing spring breezes. I read all day, made a
frame for a honeysuckle in the
yard. I read a part of "Lalla Rooke" to all every night after supper. light rain.
4/18 Breezy, some clouds & cooler. I worked in the garden
awhile sowing a bed of cabbage
seed & polishing the garden walks. Mrs. Casey & Pinson come to spend the day & Sallie
got her quilt out. I went over to Mr. Rieves for Larkspur & set an hour.
4/19 Cool & breezy. The birds are as musical as e'ver they
were. Chas & I went a fishing
down our creek; began to fish in the gin-pond & fished on below the road. We saw the
tracks of Miss Darthula & Mourning with their lordly bro - who were fishing down there
yesterday so we were told by Oc Spencer & the Smith boys whom we met fishing. We
had a pleasant time but we had no dinner except some biscuit & the wind blew rather
cool; caught about 60 fishes. I cut the initials of Darthula and a rosebud on a beech
above the gin-pond. We got home about two hrs by the sun (for our clock does not run)
4/20 Cool morn; some frost again but not to do any harm. Aunt
Malinda & John started for
Ripley about 9 ocl. I am reading the Appeal after dinner. I made some brush sticks & a
4/22 It rained before dinner and till night. I read in "Modern History" all day.
4/23 Cloudy intill noon then clear. We all had fun catching a
young squirril near the house
then we made him a cage & put him in it. After noon Chas, Wm & I went and seined in
Reden's creek an hour or two. We caught a mess of suckers. The water was very cold.
We got home after dark awhile.
4/24 Clouds & sunshine beautiful day. Ma, Sallie & myself
went to Salem trading got new
bonnets & dresses. I eat dinner at Mr. Machen's. Ma & Sallie at W.T. Dickerson's.
Mollie greeted me kindly at the steps as we turned to help Misses Hal Ayres & E.
Crofford from their buggy. We all had not been seated long in the varenda when the
girls visiting from school walked in vis Fannie Spencer, Sallie Ayres & Grace Mary
Crofford - also - A McDonald & wife, widow Spencer took dinner there. We made a bill
of $37 at Henry's & got home after sunset; here was John Nesbitt jumpin with Charles
& Mr. Sue Berry setting calmly near. Well we were glad to see them. Oh how mutch
fun we had this night.
4/25 Cool sweet day. Cloudy & looks like rain; after noon
it rained shower or two. Thon N
wanted to stay with us today but Mrs. Sue would not. They started to Uncle Sam N -
about 10 ocl I took my book & went to my pretty spring in Mr. Beck's field o'er hanging
was the little beech tree with drooping branches on whoes pale white bark I cut the
4/26 Charming, bright day after noon but sprinkling before dinner.
I read "Modern History"
Then Chas & I went out to Salem. I took Sallie's bonnet to Mrs. Scott's to get her to
trim it. We had a long conver - theme; Mrs E.C. Brown & her bad do's. Chas bought him
shoes, socks, vest & hat. We come home before dark.
4/27 Warm, cloudy all day. We all went to preaching at Hopewell
by Rev Mr. Lipford;
splendid sermon - theme - Power of money; good many out. Mrs. Lucy Beck was there
pale & ancient. Miss Darthula Beck was brought in a two horse buggy - grand - by the
Swift young Mr Luallen & Miss Mourning politely brought Mr. Wm Strickland in the
carriage. Oh such magnificient politeness as was displayed in the Ôhanding in &
handing out those young americans; my pen fails to portray. As we come home &
found a hen tied by the leggs in the lane & brought it home. I read the Magazine, Chas
& Sallie were at Mr Lax's. I took a walk to indulge in bright, dreamy, fancy of Hope.
Such sweet dreams I had among the green grass, hanging limbs, merrie, twittering birds
& gentle, cooling Zephers amid all the glory of the seting sun in a golden bed of clouds -
I never can tell ---
4/28 Cool cheerful cloudy morn. I have been reading the magazine
& now going to Salem. I
went to Salem & got my coat, pants & Charles' vest that G.P. Roberson cut. Mr. Lax &
lady were out buying spring clothing. I come & eat dinner after when Chas & I went
down to Mr. Lax's & went with Fayette & him a seining to Ritchmans's old mill. We had
a deal of fun but did not catch many; dark come on before we left there. We made the
woods ring with our songs & whistling. As we troted throught the perfumed swamp we
saw the first bright light of fire.
4/29 Soft winds bringing clous to mingle the bright sunshine.
Heavy rain last night again.
Roses in a flood in the flower-garden. I am reading the magazine & playing the pet
squirrils. Took the buggy & Graydon to Salem. I had the buggy mended, got two
cravats for Chas & a letter from cousin T.A. Meares; his sister Lizzie married a Mr.
Elrod who has a piece of land & one negro. There has been several showers of rain this
4/30 Heavy rain & storm last night, very windy this
morning; dark angry clouds with dashes
of rain now & then. I am reading, writing & currying the horses. R.M. Bostwich stayed
at Dr. Rieve's last night & is staying with us today. Thon Williams come up from
Tippah; the storm ruined him last night. He shot a negro the other day of Dr. Ayre's. I
went to Salem to tell Dr. Anres to meet him at Mrs. William's. Last night's Tornado
nearly blew Salem away. It blew down Redus' large two story shop & a dozen other
smaller houses of less import - all the fences & trees. Oh it is awful to behold the
emense destrucktion made there.
5/1 Windy clouds & sunshine; cleared away & calmed at sunset.
I worked all day faithfully
on a wheel for our squirils & finished it just at dark. charming still night. Music on the
5/2 Warm, breezy, bright day. I worked on the cage again &
read untill dinner after which
Mat & I went to Salem and to Mr. Scott's after Sallie's bonnet. We found Fannie
Spencer, Sallie J., Hallie & Grace Ayres, Mrs. Spencer & Mrs. Machen at Mr. Scotts with
whom we spent and hour or two delightfully. Sallie's bonnet was not done. We gave
Miss Maggie Scott a fine boquet.
5/3 Verry warm. I read 'till dinner. Then Chas & I went
a fishing down our branch.
Musqetoes, nats & flies nearly killed us with bites. We went in the branch & washed
ourselves. Near the road we cut our names on two pretty little maples. Dark set in
with a soft melon sweetness filled with perfume of a thousand flowers.
5/4 Dark clouds, threting rain. Chas went with Lafayette to Bethlehem.
Ma, Sallie, Wm & I
went to Salem preaching by Mcfarland. Ma & Sallie went in to Mr. Wheatley's & set 'till
preaching. Mr. W.D. Beck & sister M - went to Wheatley's to gallant Miss Fannie over
with her flowers. It rained on us before we got to church. Few out & poor sermon. Just
after dinner we had visitors - Mr. W.D. Bunn, Dr. Casey then came Bishop Twoence. Dr.
Casey coughed all the time nearly; of course we stayed a half hour in the Flower-
garden & made fine boquets & sent to Uncle Whit & Mollie M. Lafayette & Chas came
up at 4 ocl then eat at the travellers rest. Negro preaching at the chappel this evening.
I & Sallie went down to Mr. Nabor's just at dark & spent
5/5 Warm, cloudy, showery day. We have a splendid stand of cotton.
I worked on the
buggy & harness till after dinner. Dr. Bostwich come early & stayed till after 2 oc. I
hitched up Polk then Sallie and I rode over to Mr. Scotts - no ladies at home. We went
up to Mrs. Spencer's where was Mrs. S. - Hallie & Grace Ayres & Mag Scott. We got the
bonnet & come fast home; thundering and rained on us but we did not get wet. When
we got home John & Fannie were up to stay all night. Black clouds & thunder.
5/6 Clouds & sunshine, thundering & rain. Fannie &
John went early. Miss Martha & Nannie
Nooner walked over & spent the day geting the fashion for bonnets. I went to get
ribbon for Martha & Sallie. I bought myself a straw hat at 85 cts. The girls went home
5/7 Cool, bright morning. Sallie & I started to DeSoto cty
7 ocl A.M. We stoped in H.S. untill
half past two ocl. Gus Berry passed throught there 3 ocl. We got to Uncle Sam
Nesbitt's one hour by sun; they sent for Mattie & Mollie to come home. They were at
Mr. Castleberry; we enjoyed a verry verry pleasant night with the girls. Mr T. Fowler
5/8 Cool, bright day; cloudy & cold after dinner. We stared
from U. Sam's about 9 ocl & got
to Byhalia at 12 - Uncle Demsey & Berry went on to their house with us & took dinner.
Then I went with Mr. Berry to Memphis in a buggy where we got after dark. Sallie
walked over to Uncle N.Nabor's. We put up at the Worsham House; after eating supper
we walked around town & made some purchases & come back to our room. We saw a
man flirting with a lady in the corridor. We went to bed early; about midnight I was
waked by the sweetest music on a violin by some person I knew not where. But Oh!
how my soul swelled & my heart melted making tears gather in my eyes. Oh! music
has a sweet melting power I feel so often.
5/9 Cool, Bright, Clear morning. We got up early & walked
around & into 40 houses & made
more purchases. Eat breakfast paid our fare 1.50 cts. apiece; called at James' for our
horse & left the flowery city of Bluffs about 8 ocl for we had annimated conversation on
Love & other maters untill 2 ocl found us at Uncle Demsey's & eat dinner. Gustus &
Sue, Mary, Dan Bun & I walked in the garden gathering flowers which were spread in
various kinds around. I Heard some sweet song by Mrs. Sue, Bettie & Mary; such as
"The old pine Tree", "The old arm chair" & "Jimmie". Mrs. Warren & aunt Kezie N. was
there. I stayed untill Corrie, Puss & Lou Mc Come from school then geared up & went
over to Uncle Nabor"s. A very social night with Irvin & Ken. Slight frost this morning.
5/10 Cool & clear. Charlie"s birthday. I
went to the field with uncle & the boys. They have
very grassey "stuff". Cut my name on a beech & "Love" on another in the bottom near
by the field. Then I read "till dinner was over when I rode over to the gate & spent a
delightful evening with John Nesbitt hunting on the bottom & reading ÒMutch Ado about
NothingÓout in the woods beneath an oak tree. I got acquainted with Mr. Hoke. John
would have me go home with him; Corrie & Bettie were away & Mary had the
toothache I conversed with Puss. S.N. was there. John & I went out & listened at the
Darkies fiddle & dance & went to bed talking of tears - We would have serrenaded Miss
Lou & Julia H but my Accordian - was away.
5/11 Cool, bright day. My Twenty second (22nd) birth-day!
Well I am growing older & geting
no better. Farwell sweet year! we part forever! After breakfasting I went back to
Uncle N.N. Geared up & 7 of us rode to Sunday School in the buggy & carriage. Lydia
rode with me & Sallie, Ben, Byce, Arnold & I rode down to the mill & saw Mr. & Mrs.
Smith's baptized in the Jordan. Cinda got in mud. Miss Bettie's & Buss' beaus, Mr.
Macham & Thomas were out in a buggy to see "um". Miss Bettie gave her"s the mits.
Preaching at Corrinth by Rev Mr. Rodgers a great many out to hear a long sermon,
sacrament & mishionary collection. Oh but Beauty was well represented by not a few
of DeSoto"s noble girls, Miss Julia A. was escorted home by her bro - A . We took
dinner at N.N.'s; B.F.T. with us. After dining come Uncle Tommy N & wife, Wm Warren,
Martin & Sam N. to spend the evening. We had jolly time I assure you. I hitched up &
went home with Uncle Tommy & left them all merry togather. Kinnie at home.
5/12 Cool, clear day. I got Uncle Tommy's buggie & Polk &
started for home after Aunt
Malinda N. went by Uncle Demsey's. Pufs & Tet were out. Corie ws not quite ready to
start to school. John rode with me to By - Aunt whiped Dau & sent by us to school. I
left By - at 8 ocl; had a lonesome drive but pleasant; got to H.S. by 12 & bought Mattie
Nooner a rugue for 25 cts. I had sporte throwing at birds. I got after dark & found them
all well & glad to see me. A letter from Aunt Polly
5/13 Warmer, clear. I started about 8 ocl for Ripley. I
stoped at Mr. Nabor's & took Mc's
watch to be mended. Lonely & sleepy drive. Met a man with a run away negro he
caught in Ripley. I arrived in Ripley at 2 ocl. Mr. Bery was painting, Aunt Malinda was
up & introduced me to Miss Sue Berry; she aint prety. I spent the evening reading &
talking to Ambrose & Fletcher. A wedding near town; Bryan to Juney. We had jolly
time after supper. I slept with Ambrose. Fletcher wanted me sleep with him.
5/14 Warm, Cloudy morning. Ripley is a lazy place. I started
with Aunt Malinda at 9 ocl. We
stoped awhile at Mr. Nabors & arrived at our house at 4 ocl. I wrote untill night. Miss
Mollie Mechen can't go with us.
5/15 Warm, bright morning. We started early to Uncle Sam N's.
We stoped at Rev Mr Reed's
in H. Springs; took dinner & stayed untill 4 ocl. There was a good many fine ladies and
gentlemen there. Mr. Reed lives in a verry lage brick building out of the incorporation
limits & has a school of boys numbering 60. We had verry pleasant evening for
travelling but aunt Malinda got verry sick several times. Arriving at uncle Sam's just at
dusk. We found none at home but the children. Aunt come in from the field directly.
Mollie is at Mr. Castleberry's. I enjoyed myself very well with the children & Uncle
Samuel Nesbitt. I did not sleep mutch for dreams.
5/16 Cool day & looks like rain. We left uncle Sam's early
& passed the time away very
pleasantly conversing on social subjects. Passed through Byhalia at 11 ocl. but saw no
one that we knew. We stoped awhile at Uncle Demsey's. Aunt Malinda, Mary & Bettie
come out & greeted us with smiles & talked awhile with aunt Malinda, then we went on
home where we were met by Uncle Nathan & the languishing Mrs. Perryman. Uncle
Nathan was crippled with a sore on his knee & did know how to show his
overwhelming joy. After partaking of a splendid dinner & setting around awhile aunt
Matilda come over to see aunt & I walked over to see Mary & Bettie. The were
sweeping & scouring & gathering flowers for the meeting Bettie kept me company &
Mary showed me her flowers. Bettie played & sung for me. At 3 ocl I left the girls &
aunt & went to carry uncle Tommy's buggy home. I took some cake cooked & made by
Bettie to Aunt Tommy N. Corrie, Puss & Lou were just coming from school as I drove
off from the little white gate. I found aunt Tommy at home. after dark uncle Tommy &
Kinnie come from town where they had purchased clothing for summer. Ja. D. had
come home yesterday and was plowing today. A high storm of wind & rain while we
were at prayers.
5/17 Cloudy, dark morning. I left uncle Tommy's early for
uncle Nimrod's where they were
nearly ready to start to preaching. The girls & Sallie did not go. Aunt & Uncle & I took
Joe with me to preaching by Mr. Reed. Uncle Demsey's girls walked up to church with
Mr. Ivins of Germantown. A heavy rain began to fall about the time the last sermon
ended. Mr. Reed occupied his time in talking to Puss & two or three others of getting to
Heaven; he come over to say something to Jimmie & Kinny but they run. The rain
ceased & I took Misses Bethe & Pus home in my buggy & then come back for aunt
Matilda & cousin Josephine. Uncle Nimrod took Mary & Corrie home. We stayed two
hours at uncle Demsey's & listened to some melting songs by Mary & Bettie; the two
preachers helping them. Corrie was fixing her dress for tomorrow. We got to NN's
before night. We cousins capered & frolliced till 9 ocl.
5/18 Cold, Cloudy with winds from the north. I made music for
the children & after puting on
both my coats with clean shirt & standing collar, flux pants, white marsairlses vest,
broad toed shoes & straw hat we started to meeting. Kan & three of the girls in the
'carriage' Irvin & Caroline on mules. Sallie & I in a buggy. We got to Corrinth too early;
there was no Sunday school. Uncle I's wife & girls christened their carriage today. It is
a very fine "cart" of the latest stile. Misses Julia & Mag A's were brought in a buggy by
their Pa. Here I was first shone Miss Julia Hoke a very fair sweet girl. Mr Ivine's
preached to a full house then dismissed for dinner brought out by the friends around.
Although it blew cold we took heartily of the good things; ladies and gents together
eating with their fingers. We went back into church where was a hot fire in the stove.
I seated myself by cous Mary N. & listened to a good sermon by Rev. Mr. Ivins; about 3
ocl we all went home. We stayed at Uncle N.N.'s till 5 ocl then I bid them "good bye"
and Lydia & Sallie rode with me to Uncle Demsey's to stay all night. Mary was a little
sick; we eat supper about 6 ocl. then Mr. Irvin walked over to uncle Nathan's. Sam N.
is over to see Lou Mc - . John & I walked over & stayed till 8 ocl conversing Mis Lou. I
told them "Good bye" & went back to Uncle D's & passed two as happy hours as I ever
enjoyed. John, Sam'l, Pufs, Connie, Mary, Bettie, Lydia, Sallie & I.making up the
happy circle. Oh how oft will memory bring up this happy night to live again in afte
year of sorrow! Oh sweet innocent girls do you know this
5/20 Warm bright day. I started out to Lagrange & sent a book
by mail to A.D. Berry at
Ripley. I got to Lag- at 11 ocl but Mr. Gossitt was away & would be back in a week. I
took at Dabbs for 25 cts & my mule fed for 25 cts & set about untill 2 ocl & started
home. I laid down under a beach tree & slept awhile. I got to Salem at 5 ocl. Mr. Johns
from Niceraugua trying to get volenters & money to carry to walker he is a very smart
5/21 Warm still day. Eliza & I started to Johns & got
there at 12 ocl. We killed some birds &
squirrils & read in the Magazine a love tale. I slept with G. Brunn.
5/22 Warm, bright day. John, Joe Ayres & I went a deer hunting.
I drove on Polk beare
backed & started three deer but killed none; come to dinner & eat then set about & shot
birds untill night. Joe Ayres & wife went home just before night. John & I worked his
large black mule for the first time down to S. McDonalds where I saw Mr. Seth Trapley
who killed a boy in Helena, Ark a week ago. He & Frank Ayres had been fishing in
Tippah. Dr. Ayres come down to Mr. McDonald's this evening. John & I rode back home
after dark. A very pleasant night.
5/23 Warm, bright day. I rose just after sunup; worked for Nancy
a little & rode down to
McD's Mill on Chilli where I got the company of Dr. Ayres, Joe Ayres, Frank Ayres, S.
McDonald & Seth Trapley fishing. They caught three fine trout. I caught a fine string
of perch & rode back to John's with Drs. Morton & Ayres & got dinner. At 3 ocl We
started home; Nancy & John going with us. We called for water at Mr. Freeman's. John
and family went on to his Mother's. Eliza & I stoped at Mr. Spencer's; no person there
but Hezz, Jr.; in a few minutes Mr. Spencer & the rest of the family come. They had
been to Ripley since Monday last; they broke the tongue out of their carriage the first
ride. Genie & Fannie were exquisitly beautiful. I borrowed ÒShakespeareÓ complete of
Mr. Spencers to read. We got home just at dark; pretty night.
5/24 Warm day getting then dry here. I read all day "Mutch Ado
about Nothing" & "Othelo".
"Venus & Adoni" Oh I like mutch. John & Nancy come late in the evening.
5/25 Warm, clear day. Chas, Eliza, Martha & I went to preaching
by Rev. Mr. Lipford; they to
the sacrementt. He give Sprinkling & pouring thunder that there is none true except
the Emersionists. Whit Berry brought Miss Selby, Fannie & Mollie in the fancy carriage
to Hopewell. Mr. Lax & Spencer took a great many home with them to dinner. McNab
come home with me & stayed till dark. We read Clark's works on Baptism. I went
home with Mc. Fannie looked neat; enjoyed myself well.
5/26 Warm & bright - some appearences of rain. I look over
part of Mr. Nabor's crop & went
to Salem. They have subscription soliciting money to send southern men to Kansas;
had near $300 subscribed. I did not. Mark & Gadren Bostwick & Louis McDonald are
going they say. I come home at 1 ocl. Ma gave me her note for $250. Due. I have
$17.25 in cash of my own. Sweet night.
5/27 Warm day. I read Shakespere till 12 & went over our crop.
Cotton has eight leaves &
come waist high. After dinner Chas & I went to Green's mill & went into the pond while
we were in, a heavy thunder cloud come up & rained an hour very hard. Lord a sight I
never saw before - water rattling on our heads. After it quit we got our clothes that
had kept dry under an umbrella. Went down to the mill & got a pack of coals & went
home. We worked in the garden cleaning out the young Apple & peach trees & read
"Cleopatra & Antony."
5/28 Cool wind, clouds from the north. I read "As you like it"
to Chas & worked in the
cabbage till dinner, then wrote & read "Romeo & Juliet" a tale of bloddy ending. I had
kind converse at home..
5/29 Cool morning but clear hot day. We got up early & took
a walk in my flowergarden; the
multtiflora & tiger lilly are in bloom. I packed up my things in my trunk & put it on the
buggy - bid adeau to all & drove off with Charlie in company from my old home to live
away from it sweet scenes. Sad feelings swelled up from my heart when I called up to
think how long it might be e'er I'de enjoy it's company again --- I got the June no of
Harper in Salem & I read "Ballad of Bunter Hill & Wanted A Healthy Wife" to Charlie as
he drove us on through the long sunny lanes to Lagrange where we arrived at 12 ocl. I
Hired myself to Mr. Joe G. Gossitt for nothing. Occupied the evening in showing me a
goods & telling their names & prices & reading the Magazine. We shut up about dark &
went up to his picturesque house allmost hid with flowers & shrubery; at the supper
table he introduced me to his two daughters. I suppose I set awhile & come down to
the store & heard some sweet music by the boys around. I lit my condle & read the
"Eagle & Enquirrer" awhile & wrote & went to bed; thinking of Mattie N.
5/30 Cool winds, clouds & sunshine. I read "Milicent" &
Easy Chair in Harper"s. Sold a few
things & waited on the first lady. I didn't sleep mutch last night. Heard some good
music by the boy at the next door while I wrote to Sallie 3 pages of my thought &
5/31 Cool north-winds, bright sunshine. I slept very well &
too late; felt quite well. I want to
see Corrie. We sold about $30. worth today. I took a walk just after dinner down town
to the Depot near the female Colledge to see the girls walking around. Then I went
east up the rail-road - the great trestle 30 feet high over the valey of Silicon; then to
the Mineral Spring - nothing but a hog-wallow; then to the male Colledge that is
building a commanding elivation in and old field intirely destitute of trees, of
shrubbery, of any sort. The ground work of the house is 80x30 and 50x50 feet & to be
two stories high. I walked down the cool shady avenue that leads to Col. Michie's
where the happy girls & boys where gathering Mullberry's. I got back at 4 ocl & read of
Spring of N.Y in Harper's. Shut up store at 6 ocl & went up to Mr. Cossett's & played
marbles with the children 'till supper; then back to the store to write. Some clouds and
warmer, expect rain.
6/1 Bright, warm day. I got up late put a clean shirt, round tail
black coat, coarse linnen
pants, summer shoes & white marseiles vest & straw hat. I went up to breakfast at
7 ocl & read & walked the garden untill 10 ocl then walked down to the Methodist
church which was 2/3s filled with ladies. I saw a few handsome ladies & a great many
ugly ones. A flowery sermon by Rev. Mr. Thomas, Rev. D. Wells P.E. concluded with
some of the grandest singing I ever heard. Everybody sings here at LaGrange. Who
should I see tripping out among the river of pure coolege girls? Why the great somping
mischiefvious Mattie Nesbitt! but she didn't see Jimmie. They raised a cloud of dust as
flowed back to College. I eat dinner at 12 ocl then read till 4 ocl in "Gleason Wonders
of the World" & "Extracts from British Poets" When I walked to the College (M) &
Mullberry's Avenue, we got very warm, climbed the trees & I filled my pockets with
them for little Flore. A great many boys there swearing wickedly. We come home
about sunset, eat supper & Mr. Cofsitt & his two daughters & I went to a 'Tract Society
which was ably addressed by Reve. Dr. C.C. Glover & Rev Mr. Thomas. They sang rich
tearful songs. Again the stream roses & College girls poured out but I did not see Cuz'
Mattie. I dreamed of home. Ther at 80 degrees tonight
6/2 Warm, sultry day. Some clouds & sprinkles of rain in the
afternoon. I sold two dollars
worth before I got my shoes. I read the papers & Magazine. A young hatted Miss come
over to plague me but she soon went back satisfied. I ciphered some just before night
while it was thundering in the west. After supper I walked alone to a singing &
melodeon Music practising in the M.E. by a parcle of bony faced, pug nosed boys &
dough-faced gaping girls. Also two or three speeches by some little girls & boys
6/3 Warm sultery morn. I got up early. Ther. 74 degrees
at 5 ocl A.M. Ther. 85 degrees at
2: ocl. 70 at 9 ocl. A man called in bought some drilling & linnen & said he wanted or
needed twenty shirts, said He had not bought one in two years. A cupple of young
ladies stoped Mr. Gossitt in the streets to enquire who I was & where I come from.
Yesterday evening I saw Mr. Gossitt enclose & seal a Note to a firm in Memphis. I
walked over to the female College this morning to Mr. Gossitts new house near the
College building. I saw an achepelago of heads throught the south windows. It is a
magnificent house hansomely located among peach trees. The girls were druming the
pianos till they groaned lamentably. A Mechanic was fastening lightening rods to this
twoering building. A rain verry heavy north west of here & considerable shower here.
Oh! how cooling it was & how the young ladies smoothed their brows & opened their
eyes & dashed about like the rabbits do at sunset. One ladie & particular did look as
sweet as & angel & as bold & dashing as a soldier; she rode a beaitiful long trim
spirited horse. She was dressed in a complete black flowing robe with a gay black hat
& waving plume. A charming night & music on all side.
6/4 Warm bright morning. Some appearances of rain. Ther
72 degrees - 85 degrees - 81
degrees. I started early on horse back to Mr. Watkins near Moscow; very warm but
breezy. I got down & talked with the old lady & her daughter & then found the old man
& his son at work a mile off. I went on throught Moscow at 10 ocl. Saw Mr. J.A.
Alexander sitting before a house five miles from M. I eat dinner with Mr. Jas. Pugh. A
very kind man with a most excellent wife. They did charge me nothing. I give the
negro a dime & rode on to Early Grove while the thunder muttered in a little cloud & the
sun come down with redoubled vigor. Mr. James the storekeeper at E.G., Mr. Bailey
come in after a while & paid $35.00 from Mr. Gossitt - at 3 ocl I left there while the
rain was falling gently. Heavy rain out east. I passed some very fine level farms all
the way untill I crossed Wolf river. After which the Muqketoes & flies gathered in cloud
around me & horse. Alighted at Major Gossitt's just at sunset. Misses Ann Augusta and
Lou made a wreathe of cedar & cheerries for the supper table. I stoped a moment at
the prayer meeting & listened to the harsh, howling of the singers.
6/5 Warm still morning with thick obsuring clouds. Ther. 75 degrees
- 85 degrees - 77
degrees. I went out to the new house near the F. College. We sold very little today.
Good thunder shower with some wind from the n-west about 4 ocl. Grand scene at
sunset which broke in gorgeous colors of ever dye. I wrote a letter to I.G. Nabors. Oh
such a soft mellow pleasant night.
6/6 Warm cloudy morning; birds are singing with increasing gaiety; even
in this populous
town. Two little birds live in the shade trees at the front door; they twitter, play & eat
on the pavement near the door & come so near me I could allmost tuch them with my
hand. They seem very happy. 'Oh that we had some little bright 'ile of our own. In a
blue summer ocean far off & alone. Where the sun loves to pause with so fond a delay.
That the night just draws a thin veil o'er the day. Talked politics & read the Brittish
Drama. I went to the singing again; tolerable good this time. There was a crippled
young lady hauled there in a little hand-buggy & carried in the arms of a negro. I wrote
a letter home to Charlie. To bed at 10 ocl. Therm. 76 degrees - 85 degrees - 80
degrees. Oh natures sweet restorer!
6/7 Warm. Clouds & sunshine. Plesant western breezes.
Sold a goodly pile today but to no
ladies. Who! but has times exquisite pleasure of the soul. no one. This is one of the
times I feel it. Why! I can't tell. Well then is the time I build air-castles imperceptably
weaving the past with the charming future. I let my feeling flow out like honey into
the fairry valleys & bowers of fancy, mingled with smiles of the guilded hours of
yesterday untill my heart seams to melt into a shower of kind & love fore everybody.
But life is like the clouds, it has its bright silvery shots & it's dark angry mountains filled
with fire, thunder & storm. So I have my share of sorrow too. The sun is setting amid a
gorgeous display of nature's brightest dyes shining out from grand mountains of clouds
piles up here & there like great lumps of gold & silver. And such a breeze is wafted up,
fraught with the sweets of a thousand flowers & shrubs; distant thunder is hear & the
quick dazzling lightenings flash tells us Heaven is going to weep a shower of tears.
6/8 Warm still day, verry little appearance of rain. I got up
early & washed & put on clean
clothes. I have not got my Sunday clothes & I don't know that I ever will. I went up to
the May's eat & read a part of the 'Vicar of Wakefield' by Goldsmith. At 10 ocl I went
to the M.E.C. preaching by Rev Mr. Thomas prooving that the jews will yet be gathered
from all nations to Palestine & believe on Christ & preach it to the world, then the
Milleniel will come. House was full; many more women than men. Preaching at the
Episcopal church also. I wrote a long letter to coz N.B. Greene. I in company with Maj.
G. went to the Episcopal church preaching by Mr. Fagg. While he was preaching A great
storm arose from the north; the wind blew teriffic & the rain come in a flood. Oh such a
dark night. I like to have not got to the store at all. Ther. 75 degrees - 85 degrees - 75
degrees. Stormy night.
6/9 Cool, Cloudy day. Dark & drizzliy. Steady moderate
rain all the evening. Everybody is
donning their winter coats & we had a fire. While it was raining a young lady sent to
me for a paper with poetry in it. I sent her a couple. Mr. Gossitt thought it was a
strange request. As the sun was setting the dark clouds parted & rolled back showing
the deep blue sky dotted by the twinkling stars & the bright moon hung high in the west
whose pale delusive light threw a veil of dreamy beauty on the sleeping earth while
the whipoorwills plaintively tolled its tale of love. Now raising its long wings to fly
would brush the raindrops off the green leaves to fall among the grass & flowers.
6/10 Fine beautiful morning. I waited on several ladies at 10
ocl. I rode out to Mr. Ez. Wall's
6 miles so-east of Lag. He was not at home; his boys were - I eat dinner there
consisting of snaps, bacon, beets & bread & milk. He will be in town tomorrow. I met
Mr. Wheatley coming & going. Our folks well. I went to the singing tonight. Oh it was
sweet, heartsoftening, melody. Silvery moonlight. Ther 69 degrees - 75 degrees - 75
degrees. Reading 'Love a la mode.'
6/11 Fine charming this morning. Dim clouds. Bussy day;
sold about $40 worth. The
gentlemen meet in the store to run down Mr. Buckanan the Democratic nominee for
President. Several ladies in today. I am verry tired. Reading Milton's 'Cosmus' Opera.
My master is hard to please. Oh such a sweet night! I saw two Miss Coxs at Mr.
Gossitt's. Barber Bob cut off my hair for two bits. The boys serenade every night at
two or three houses only. Bugs are eating me.
6/12 Warm, Dim sunshine - Light breezes & cooler in the evening.
We have sold verry little
today. Oh how dull I feel for want of exercise. Now I hear the startling steam whistle
sounding its get-out-of-the-way note to things and creatures. Mark the smoke boiling
from the fire breathing monster as it swiftly shoots along the iron pathway. Miss Ann
Agust says "You are quite romantic tonight Mr. Terry" Yes M'm rather says I as I gazed
at the moon - Directly her beau come & she went into him. Ther 73 degrees - 79
degrees - 74 degrees. Such a night!
6/13 Damp morning & cool. Heavy rain & quite a storm at
11 ocl; rained on till 1 ocl. I
Received a letter from Sallie in Desoto which I read while the storm raged. Oh! what a
melancholy filling of joy come over me. For Sallie said she cried when she read my
letter. Irvin is couirting Miss Lou McElroy & Lydia has two or three beaus. I read this
letter over twice. Miss Corrie & Puss excepted my presents without a word. Oh that is
painfull ---- I went to singing tonight again. It was charming music. I wrote a letter to
Charlie at home. Ther 65 degrees - 70 degrees - 68 degrees.
6/14 Cool with clouds & sunshine. I Bought some cotton jeans
for a coat & pants & a frig'd
Handkerchief; then started home on Uncle Sidny's horse at 10 ocl. I got to Salem at by
1 ocl. Few there. When I got home it was 3 ocl. Oh they all so glad to see me & all
well. They want Sallie to come home very bad. I give Graydon candy & then he went
with me over the gardens & orchard. Our gum apples are fine & ripe. They began to
cut wheat today. We went to bed early.
6/15 Cool morning but hot sun. We arose early - read & conversed.
Andrew & Fayette come
soon & staid till 9 ocl; then Fayette, Charles, Ma, Martha & myself went to preaching at
Salem by Harris at the M.E. & Newberry at the Baptist. Miss Darthula Mourning &
Fredonia come in before anybody else & Oh how sweet Darthula did look; words cant
express. Gadsen B. helped the girls in their carriage. Francis N. went home with me &
took dinner & Fayette with Chas; at 3 ocl Chas & Fayette rode down to Mr. Nabor's,
Francis & I rode down & seen Martha & her sisters; then to L. Nabor's. There we were
informed that Chas Daukins & Fannie Nabors were married by Mr. Freeman this
morning. They were gone to his Father's. The family were very well cut down about
it. We conversed with them untill dark & come home. McP & Charles are going to
Byhalia. Tuesday they are going to the examination of the Byhalia Institute.
6/16 Cool day & cloudy with a steady rain after 2 ocl to 6 ocl.
I walked about & read
Shakespere, eat apples, cherrie & rasberrys & goosberrys. Conversed with Ma & Eliza
while they made my yellow marseiles vest. Mr. J Craft come in a moment; fixing up for
Ripley court. I started back to LaGrange after dinner; Chas went as far as Salem. I
went by Spring-Hill & Mr. Bob Smiths Mills; rained on me but did not wet me mutch. I
saw a extremely pretty girl on this side of the Mills. Arrived at Lagrange after sunset.
Mr. Gossitt & Family were well. Clouds & Moonshine & music.
6/17 Cool, cloudy morning. I read the Brittish Drama while the
rain fell. I wrote a letter to
Cousin Ann Terry. Charles started to DeSoto today. Afternoon there come up two or
three heavy clouds from the north & norwest at half past 3 ocl. It hailed lumps as large
as a partridge egg of all shapes & forms; at five ocl it ceased raining. Supper over, the
lighting flashed wildly o'er all the patient stars. Ther. 70 degrees.
6/18 Temperate. cloudy morning with sprinkles of rain. This the
commencement day of the
examation at Byhalia. Also the male school here & the mod-female at SommerVille &
Franklin College at H. Spring. Rained after dinner often and on till dark. I wrote to
R.G.H. Terry today. Rather cool tonight. I went to prayer meeting.
6/19 Temperate, cloudy morning. The streets are muddy. Wm
Robert Gormon died
yesterday evening. The son of Temperance were out with Sunday school children &
the College girls in a procession to the church where the coffin was carried and Mr.
Thomas preached a verry appropriate funeral to the crouded house of attentive
hearers. Cousin Mattie & her cousin where there; we did not speak, but I exchanged
glances with her from the nigger loft; I suppose she knew me. The sight of those
beautiful innocent College girls solumnly following this dear young man to his grave
away out in the green grass beneath the spreading old oaks will live in my memory
while life lasts. I can never forget my feelings ---- A Golden sunset & Sweet calm night.
Tonight is the Concert at Byhalia. Charlie, Sallie & McP are there enjoying the pleasure
while I write this. I would be pleased to be with them & the sweetest girls on earth,
but I cant. Warm night. Ther 75 degrees.
6/20 Temperate, bright morning with clouds scatterd o'er. The
boys filled the streets with
our boxes, barrels, steps & signs last night. I hope they enjoyed finely for we do not. I
went down to the depot & saw a train of 15 cars pass loaded with timbers. I am
reading The History of the Valey of the Mississippi today where Turnbull brought over
1500 Greek & Corsican poor to Florida & then treated so cruel; raising sugar and Indigo.
They were freed by the Govener nine years afterwards & now their decendants are
some of the worthiest citizens of St. Augustine. As I went up to supper about twilight I
met a company of young ladies taking an airing. Miss Virginia Toombs had a beau. She
called me Charlie but told better. I went to the singing & dialogues.
6/21 Pleasant morning with clouds & sunshine. Very hot sunshine,
light showers in the
afternoon. William Tandy was up with a wagon; saw our folks yesterday. They were
well., but were nearly washed away Tuesday evening. They were not half done
cutting wheat. He said they did not expect Chas back untill the middle of next week.
Jack Steele & Jas M. Calhoun were in to see me. Have had little trade today. Beautiful
calm sunset & stary night. Thermometer has been up to 84 degrees today.
6/22 A morning of couds, sunshine & long, long will remember it's
sweetness. I put on a
clean shirt, course linnen pants, yellow vest (the first time) linnen sack coat, Boots,
straw hat & lawn cravat; thus equiped I took Umbrella & went up to breakfast. I then
set in the parlor alone & finished the 'Vicar of Wakefield' & twenty pages of Dr. Latta's
'Chains of Sacred Wonders'. They are splendid books. Then I went with Mr. Gossitt &
children to the Episcopaal Church. George & I seated ourselves in a pew to share but as
the College girls poured in & filled up the vacant seats. A coupple of verry pretty girls
steped in & took a seat with us. It rather took me down as they squeased down by me,
but I soon got over it & felt verry tender at heart. I had peculiar feelings. Miss Darta
Wilcox was just before me, she is tolerable prety girl. Back to a dinner of fried chicken,
ham & boiled potatos at 1 ocl. I read a collections of school compositions in a guilded
book. It was very entertaining & mediate. A heavy thunder shower at 2 ocl till 4 ocl.
Then we enjoyed a grand sunset. After supper I went to the singing at the M.E.C. I
rather think there is some bad acts meditated there from what I hear - 75.
6/23 Pleasant foggy morning. Thunder & rain but none here.
I read about Andrew Jackson
taking possession of Florida in 1818. The heat is verry oppressive. Bro George come
up to LaGrange on Duck to bring me some new clothes. Charles & Sallie come home
last Saturday. George went back home this evening. I went & heard the Sunday school
children speak & sing, which was verry nice. Ther. 77 degrees.
6/24 Hot, Sultry day. A young gent come in for me to join a debating
society but told him I
could not. I wrote a letter to Hallie M. Terry. The ladies all walk out about sunset making every thing
smile where e'er they go. I've been reading History - The heat is verry oppressive.
Tonight is the party at Byhalia.
6/25 Hot clear still morning. Light showers around this evening.
We have sold very little `
today. I have gazed about & read my 'Mississippi Valey'. A Father came by where I
was sitting before the store & said I ought to get accquainted with the girls here for
there was lots of them. I did say a word but smiled. Flys are very bad & the heat is
very oppressive. Just over the way is a general resort of the ladies every evening. The
presidential contest is warmly participated in here; two parties, Democratic & Know
Nothing. Mr. Gossitt is a strong K-N-. I don't say mutch. But the 3 foot young
Americans are very boisrous in politics in this K-N- town. Ther 77 degrees.
6/26 Hot, Sultry, clear, still morn. I arose at daylight &
went throught the regular round of
morning work. I get up put on my socks then pants & shoes - then take the water that's
left in the bucket & sprinkle the floor; take the bucket & go to the well & draw some
then I come in & open the front door & windows & sweep the house out & the pavement
then brush down the dust & look at Ther (which is 77 degrees this morn). Wash & comb
after which I either read or write until 7 ocl when I lock up & go to breakfast.
Sometimes I find Mr. Gossitt & all his children asleep; then step into the parlor and read some
of the many prety books he has on the center table. (I am now reading the 'Chain of Sacred Wonders' by the lamented Dr. Latta of O.). After they get up & wash we all go out & breakfast togather in the little brick dining room which has a brick floor. As soon as I am done eating I go back & open the store & in about an hour Mr. Gossitt comes down; he has his dinner brought to him but I go after mine. Mr. Wheatley, Mr. Nunley, R. Robinson & W.H. Brock come to town today. Wm Brock is on his way to Ark; he come by & bid me adiew. I head some interesting funny, biographocal sketches of German Soldier life by a little German Silver-smith who was in relating his adventures to Mr. Gossitt; he could not speak English well. It was mirth- provaking to hear catch for the expressive word. M.M. Lacy was in awhile. I went up to Mr. Williams store & heard some pretty songs with Guitar, Banjo & Violin. Ther. 80 degrees.
6/27 Hot, sultry morning. There was a grand wedding at the Episcopal church yesterday evening at 6 ocl - Rev. Mr. Fagg to Miss Trent. They were married by Rev. Mr. Rodgers, Rector of St. Thomas Hall - Holly Springs. I did not go. Mr. Fagg is the Episcopal minister here and is about 35 yrs. old. She is 22 & whealthy. 10 ocl Ther 82 degrees Very still hot day. Ther 86 degrees at 2 ocl. Mr. Chas Wilcox & wife come in today to see their daughter Darthula. They rode throught the street twice with Darth in their buggy. Great many buggies & carriages passing through with trunks on; people are going to see their relatives & to summer resorts. Mrs. Davis & her daughter Eliza come in to the store & purchased a few things. Mr. Gossitt plagued the young lady very mutch about marrying & from her actions I guess she will marry soon. She is very michievious & rather vain, but fine rosey well looking girl. I laughed nearly all the time they were in at the jokes bandied between her & Maj. Gossitt. Miss Lou & Ann Augusta pay a visit to Col. Michie's tonight. I was at the singing again tonight; verry fine. Ther 84.
6/28 Hot, sultry & dim morning. I got up before sunup & went with George & Baal to the river & we went in and bathed awhile; its a very pretty place to wash. We came throught the pine thicket to the house for breakfast. The Marshalle Institute was entirely consumed by fire last night. No lives lost but all the books, apparatus & clothing was burned. We are informed that great loss will fall on Mr. Douglas; the principal. There was 170 students there & the examination was to have commenced next Tuesday. They had an American meeting at the brick Hotel. Dick Parham spoke, Mr. Shelton is preparing to start to New York in a week or two. I saw Mr. Michie's carriage run over two shoats at once & nearly kill them in the street. Ther 87 degrees at 12 ocl.
6/29 Hot, still morning. I read to the children & 'Sacred
Wonders' & took a short nap untill 11 ocl. We went up on
the galery; up three flights of steps & through a trap door; it is
about 40 feet from the ground. And Oh! What a scene burst upon me.
'There lay the grand old forrest stretched out for 15 & 25 miles
with here a large farm spread out like calm still lake; there the
gin house with the happy white home nearly hid by the loaded Orchards;
dark green shade trees clustering vines & floral beauties. Farther
on was a small opening with a little cottage peeping out with calm
beauty. The winding river
with dark tall cypresses & snowy barked Sycamores mingled with a thousand other trees & vines extends for miles on miles from the southeast to west; rolls by allmost beneath my feet. Far o'er blue hills & fields - rises the dim out-line of Hamers Hill, 15 miles away. This is the most extensive & beautiful view I have seen in the west. I did not go to preaching today. Mr. Gossitt had visitors. Mr. Michie & daughter from 3 to 6 then Mrs. Shelton & a yound lady & Thomas S. till supper. They did not come where I was so I read the back nos of the Dollar Times untill just before sunset in a rosey bed of clouds the coming on of sable night & the stars lighted up one by one. I lay down & watched the purple curtains of dark drawn over all the beauties which had gave me such pleasure to see a few minutes before. I came down & eat supper & went to the
Episcopal with the family; sermon by that sleep provoking man - Foster. Two pretty girls laughed at me, I thought what for I cant tell -
6/30 Warm, still morning- The birds are singing meryly in the green
tops of the many trees
with their cool shades planted years agone in this happy village. Though the
mischievious boys throw brick-bats at them & shoot at them with bows & arrows I love
to hear the thunder roar. I love the low deep distant muterings rooling the compressed
air against the hills that makes the ground tremble with thrill of the approaching storm.
Then I love it - Miss Nancy Arbuckle come in the store & bought & set an hour
conversing. I bought her little nephew some candy. The poor little innocent little
fellow handed his money to Mr. Gossitt before he hardly got in without a word. She is
a nice girl - Mr. Jones in from Tippah Co. He bought a considerable pile! We told witty
tales & I feasted my eyes on the gliding girls while taking their eving walks. Dark
clouds, wild wind, lightning's flash mingled with bright golden gleams of the sun's
retireing glory beyond the broad Misipipspi. Wind cool & refreshing from the rain south-
east. I leant back in my chair before the door at Mr. Gossitts home and enjoyed the
wild pleasure of ease & coolness. This has been the warmest day yet at 2 ocl Ther 88.
7/1 Quite hot. dim sunshine with not a breeze to break the heated stillness.
It seems this
earth of ours has been converted to a huge steam vessel to moove the mighty engine
that drives the planets in their daily & yearly revolutions; the dashing comets in their
wild career - from system of remote plannets they being the great connecting wheels or
bands which communicates this mooving power to systems on system of worlds similar
to our own. But if the rain does not fall regular I fear the boiler will burst. I hope no
disaster may befall us for if should occur that sliping young lady across the way would
get her new dress ruined. Heard the first cha-cha last night. I've not enjoyed this day
mutch, too hot. Ther 89 degrees at 2 ocl. Dim all dy with thunder & lighting afternoon
but no rain.
7/2 Dim, sultry day. House flys are swarming around me as the
sands upon the seashore. I
got up early & went with the boys to the river & we had a delightfull bathe in the
cooling water of the rappid flowing river. I got my clothes on & took a long inspiration,
feeling it sweet to live. So cool & happy - we gathered some blackberries & cypress
twigs with seed-balls on them & gave them to the girls. At 8 ocl Ther stands at 83
degrees. Summer is certainly here - I read 'All for Love' today & 'Pizarro' by Monette.
M.M. Lacy come in & chatted awhile; he informs me of a Picnic or ban dance on the 4th
at Hunt's Mill near Salem; says Nannie Ayres dances - The young men are fixing up
their flags & streamers and peping music togather o'nights for the Sunday school
occasion on th glorious 4th. I got inspired & wrote a piece of poetry on Independence
day. I witnessed something new after supper - the two negros robed a bee stand. It
was verry funny to see them dancing the bees off while they gabbred of the stinging. Ther 90 degrees.
7/3 Dim, Hot, still morning. I shaved & put on a clean shirt.
I read 'All for Love'. Thomas
Shelton & several other boys are fixing up their old flag to go with their music to
Canaan Church in Tippah tomorrow. I went down to Burress & Rosseires below the
Depot. Dr. Pruit of Tippah was in this evening trading. He carrys Miss Perkins from the
College home. I went over to Mr. Daultons & he treated me to a glass of lemonade &
ice. Miss Bond is at Mr. Gossitts tonight. I was introduced to her by Mr. Gossitt. She is
a niece of Miss Nancy and a nice girl. Ther stood 91 degrees at 3 ocl. And 88 degrees
tonight. A gent in and bought a pair slippers for 1 dollar.
7/4 The declaration of Independence 81 years ago. We hounor the
day we love & cheerish
the memory of that great day that gave our country birth. Very hot morning clouds &
appearances of rain about 10 ocl the wind cool from the north & it turned more
pleasant. Mr. Gossitt & myself went over to the new house by day to shoot a few
rounds of the cannon but the tuch-hole was filled with a nail driven in so tight we could
not get it out. So we had to give it up. I was awakened before day by the merry peals
of all the bells in town. Oh, how my heart swelled. They rang on about 1/4 hour. I
come by the Depot & took a good look at the locomotive. Miss A. A. gave me a sweet
heart & showed me a likeness of mine & hers. I went upon the house & looked long; got
down & hunted in the thicket for young cedars & went to the store which we do not
open today; drew flowers, vines & wrote while. 12 ocl I eat dinner with Misses Nancy,
Cassie, Armagusta, Lou & Flora. Mr. Gossitt rode out 2with Mr. Frank & they got back
just after dinner. The girls went to sewing; we slept, read, conversed & walked about
untill 5 ocl when M.F. Gossitt went home. The girls prepared to go to the Sunday
School Celebration. We went down to Mrs. Lee's as sun was setting, where the
children in uniform formed a double line after the music consiting of 4 violins, two
flutes & one picoalt; everybody fell in after this charming company led by the stars &
stripes waving proudly oÕer the musicians. Struck a soul shining march & mooved to the
M.E. Church which was decorated with wreathes of flowers & evergreens winding a
about in every shape of beauty. They had a stage raised 3 feet occuping about one
third of the hous nicely carpeted with sofas & beautiful cussioned seats for the S.S.
Schollars on which they spoke & sang. Have two large hearts one within the other on
the wall made of wreathes of aborvitea, cedar, pine & flowers within these hearts
here four large letters M.E.S.S. made of Arborvitea. The melodeon was allmost hid
with spriggs, flowers & vines. All the girls & ladies had wreathes on their heads & blue
ribbon streaming from their sides. Then the speaking, acting singing was the best &
most appropriate I ever heard. Oh! how my heart swelled & fluttered with the deep &
lasting empressions then made upon. I shall ever remember the beauty of this night
with peculiar pleasure. Such sweet strains of music swelled & died on the night air, as
we walked home; will live in my memory; sterner things have faded. Soft blows the
night breeze while twinkling stars look on.
7/5 Dim sunshine & soft cooling breezes. People are coming
into town early telling of acts
& incidents of surround festivities. A number of people at town today. We had two
speeches under the shade trees on the opposite side of the street after dinner by Mr.
Hendrick - American & Mr. Mayo - Dem - good deal of excitement about them. The
people applauded Hendricks very loudly. Today is not so hot, a breeze has been
blowing west all day. Ther 88 degrees at noon. At supper they tried to plagued me
about Miss Cassie. Miss Lucie played & sung the "Child's Wish", "Old Kentucky Home"
& "We Miss Thee At Home" and several other beautiful songs & pieces. She sang so
sweet I tarried till late after supper. Very pleasant night.
7/6 Clear, breezy & cooler. Ther 72 degrees. I read
"Sacred Wonders" untill 10 1/2 ocl.
Then walked to the gorgeously decorated M.E.C. & heard an interesting sermon on the
Moral Agency of man by the talented Dr. Glover. I all most fell in love with a black-
eyed girl catching a glimps of her now & then between a man's forehead & another
ones about a half inch space. Two very poor ladies droped dead in the cars yesterday
from over heat by running a quarter of a mile to get in time. They lived here & had just
got from the measles. I sold Mr. Leach the shroud & other nessesary articles. They
were young & sisters & were burried in one grave. Mrs. Welch died yesterday evening
and Rev. Thomas preached her funeral at 5 ocl. this evening. Two men had a fight in
the bottom this evening. Mr. Graves shot Mr. Hollis in his thigh with a rifle but not
dangerous. Graves come up to town & gave himself up to the deputy Sheriff; they are
to be tried tomorrow before Justice Firth. Miss Cassie is sick. Beautiful sunset &
Brillant night with dark clouds hung like jelly curtains here & there, while the trees &
flowers are faned gently by the soft cool breath of night. The dark nooks are enlivened
by the fairy glashes of firefly in unison with the merry chanting of the July-fly who
never eat but sing & court a life of a few months away. Cool pleasant night fit for
7/7 Delightful pleasant morning with clouds & indications of rain.
Mrs. Welch is to be
buried this morning. Maj Gossitt has rode out to it. Miss Ann Agusta has written an
essay of thirteen pages of the examination I have been reading how the French after
the war of 8 years with England, gave up all of her vast possessions east of the
Mississippi over; including Canada 1703. At the same by secret treaty, France ceded
all the rest of her possessions in America to Spain. Thus ended the power of France in
America the most peaceable people that ever settled in America who were actuated by
the purest motives of religeon to penatrate these vast wilds among the most barborous
savages regardless of death with all its horrors. I carried my scribbling book up home &
let Misses Cass Augusta & Lucie look through it. They tried to flatter me about my
Poems & sketches but I knew how to take it. I wrote to Charlie today.
7/8 Clouds and sunshine tolerable warm. The flys do torment me
half past 5 ocl this evening a large meteor seemingly about 4 feet through started
directly above heads & glided south to about 22-1/2 degs high when it explowed
without a noise forming a perpendicular cloud apparently about 1-1/2 feet wide by 15
long. This cloud moved slowly south gradually growing less untill it disappeared.
There was only two or three clouds in sight & the atmosphere was thick making the
suns shine rather dim. I borrowed a pack of cards of Mr. Sugget for Miss Ann Augusta
& Cassie to try their fortunes with. Very dry. Sweet night.
7/9 Dim sunshine, clouds, dry still and warm.
I carried the cards back & played marbles
with the boys. I went with the little boys awashing before breakfast. Heavy rains
around in sight but none here. I listened to a political abusing of the democrats by Mr.
Cotton & Mr. Firth, young men. T'was rather sicking. About four o'clock this evening
Mr. Smith & three other persons passed through going home in Desoto. He did not
know me & we did not speak. Cooling zephyrs are gently stiring the leaves making
them seem a thing of life. I went preaching at the Episcopal church by the great Bishop
Ote of whom we read. Cool, breezy, delightful night; bright moon & dark clouds
7/10 Foggy morning but pleasant. The examination of the Female College began today. Mr.
Gossitt went out & I stayed & waited on the ladies. Miss Cornelia Michie & her friends
were in a while. The dust fills the street like a dark cloud. The little boys marched
with their band of music; fought and quarrlled in the streets this evening. Mr. Gossitt &
Miss Ann Augusta went to preaching at the Episcopa C. I stayed & heard Music &
singing by Miss Lou, Mis Cassie & Mattie danced. All seemed so happy & the night is
so pretty; who could help being happy.
7/11 Charming sweet morning began by the grandest sunrise ever known.
Clouds of all
shapes painted in nature's brightest colors hung like theatrical curtains around the
coming sun. A shower about 3 ocl that layed the dust finely. Heavy rains near but
not extensive. We have had a good deal of setters around us this evening. One young
had a quarrel with & and old man about playing Back-Gammon. I am looking for some
one from home after me. It is quite warm this evening. I am verry sick at my
stomache. The sunset amid a glory of golden clouds & the moon looked bright over
head while all around floated dark clouds casting their moon shadows o'er the quiet
hills & silent vallies with not a sound to break the happy stillness except the merry
chantings of the July-fly. Mr. Gossitt, Misses Cassie & Lucie and myself walked to hear
Bishop Ote preach. Whose heart would not swell with pleasure on such a night
surrounded with such scenes of poetry & romance in reality! Debating at Masonic H.
7/12 Cool, bright, sweet morning. I got up early & went
with the boys a washing at the
river. 11 o'clock AM Williams come after me in the buggy. We drove up to the house &
took out Polk & fed him & wnet into the house & introduced him to Mis Nancy and the
boys. Bishop Ote took dinner with Mr. Gossitt. We went up to dinner about two
oclock & eat dinner & started home where we arrived after dark. Sallie met me at the
gate & huged with tears. Ma met me with a hug in the yard. Oh they were all so glad
to see me. John , Nancy & the children were there; allso Robert Bostwich & Francis
Nooner were there. This was one of my happiest nights. I slept with B.M. Bostwich.
7/13 Cool morning but hot bright day. We walked & talked untill
11 oclock when we - Sallie ,
Eliza, Charles, William & myself went to hear Rev. Lambert preach. The church was
full. Excellent sermon. Darthula & Mourning B's, Mary, C.M., Fannie, Wheatley &
several other good girls were there. I did not speak to any of them. Mr. Chas Lasure
was there direct from Texas; he rode with me & conversed a good deal. Darthula
looked pretty as ever, laughing a great deal in church. I don't think she loves me mutch
now. We got home at 2-1/2 ocl. John W. & Nancy were gone when. When I told Nancy
"goodbye" she choked up with sobs, tears started to my eyes & I went off. We had no
company this evening; we all met in the parlor & had one more happy evening togather.
At 5 ocl Chas, Sallie & myself rode down to Mr. Louis Nabor's & spent two merry hours
with him & his kind family. We got back home at dark & enjoyed a few moments of
happy conversation. Oh this bright moonlight night!
7/14 Cool, happy, pleasant, beautiful morning. We got up at 3
o-clock & fixed for breakfast &
after day was breaking. I parted with the loved ones at home. Charlie & myself
started to LaGrange where we arrived at 9 o-clock A.M. We put up our mule & Charles
went with Mr. Gossitt to the examination where they stayed untill 12 o'cl. Charley said
it was a brilliant affair. Charlie started home at 3 o'cl P.M.
7/15 Warm , bright day, dust like heavy clouds rise from the many rushing
carriages of the
wealthy ones coming & going to this examination. I went with the boys down to the
river awashing before breakfast. And old gentle man from Oxford stayed with Maj.
Gossitt last night. 7 o-cl I walked over to the College up the steps to a large room 70 x
50 feet filled with nicely arranged with single desks with about 120 pretty girls seated
on them; this room is decorated with wreathes of evergreens & flowers hung in beauty
around. I saw cous Mattie N. looking rather sad but beautiful. She was not examined
today. I was very mutch annoyed by by mannerly men standing up before me so I could
neither hear or see a good deal of the time. I saw & heard the Poetess ÒMinnieÓ Nash
She sings beautifully. The yound ladies answered very readily or appeared to for I did
not understand mutch they said. I never saw as many pretty sweethearts togather
before. I left the College when they dismissed at 1 ocl. Went to dinner at 2-1/2 o-clock
& eat with a house full of ladies. B.C. Littleton & family. Pruit & McKenzie, Miss Cassie
& Lou made a Tarleton dress since ten o-clock today. They showed it to me after
supper; it is a beautiful double skirted dress trimed with white satin ribbon - Miss
LouÕs. The girls took walk in the moonshine with George. I read all about the clouds.
Music was flowing from clumps of boys here & there. A lone sound might be heard
coming from some sad, lonely one seated in the darkest nook of the yard telling of a
breaking heart. Warm.
7/16 Still, Clear, hot morning. Carriages & buggies from every
direction are driving in
making such a dust as I never saw before. It is so thick that it makes a darkness fall
over the town. I went down to the College about one o-clock & there was a hundred
buggies & Carriages there. The examination closes with the Concert tonight. A bright
full moon shone over tower & tree. I went by myself to the College & such a crowd was
gathering that not near all could get in. So many pretty girls, so finely dressed & So
mutch fine music. Yet it was very hot among this great mass; just like a steam box. I
pitted the bodies. I did not see cous Mattie N but I saw Wm Wilcox, Jas. Jones & sister.
The Poetess Miss Minnie Nash sings transportingly. She is very etherial & dreamy &
and smiles now & then. I did not converse with a girl there but was squeased up among
them a great portion of the time. It finished with a song by three young ladies with the
Harp at 11 ocl P.M. A grand river of girls & ladies poured out the Hall & two the
vehicles with a young man floating in it here & there. Ther has been up to 92 degrees
7/17 Hot morning, clouds threatens rain. I waked up early verry
sick with cramps & pains
something like diarrhea of which I suffred dreadfully at times throught the day.
Though I went to the river a washing before breakfast with George. A verry fine rain
come up from the So-east at 10 ocl & rained on untill 12 ocl. Oh how pleasant it was to
those that were well. The dust was four or five inches deep in places before it.
Tremendous ball given by the young men here at "Greenhigh" tonight. I suppose every
single person will go but there is a heavy cloud rising in the so-east. The cloud did not
come any father but it roared lightened & thundered mightily. This must have been at Ma's.
Cool & pleasant since the rain - Ther 82 degrees. There was a great many at the
ball tonight. They danced untill day I hear. Some of the school girls they wanted most
went home this evening.
7/18 Still pleasant morning; appearances of rain. I feel better
this mornng. We did not sell a
cents worth today. Fogs arose & mists mooved over the distant swamps of Wolf. I
have (been)reading the "Appeal" today. Said but little to any body & to tell the truth I
feel quite lonely. We had tolerable extensive rain from 2 to 4 ocl this evening. I think
they had a heavy rain at Ma's this evening. I saw a mist rising from the boggs of Wolf
about dusk which formed two mountain peaks & sloped either way to an extensive
plain to all appearances. While I was admiring its peculiar beauty it vanished in a
moment leaving no trace of its mountain scenery on which I was gasing with so mutch
pleasure. So are youthful hopes as sweet & entrancing in their nature. As empty &
brief --- I walked the garden after supper; the sky was allmost hid by the mists; a few
stars peeped dimly through the abscurity, boisterous sang the July-fly. The hooting of
the distant owl, all these conspired to render me lonely & meditative. How my
thoughts with the speed of lightning visited the past in its dim reallity calling up dear
old scenes of childhood when in innocense we played & capered around our fatherÕs
side sometimes leaning on his knew or in chairs seated around with Ma sitin near, we
convered with them, asking our childish simple questions & he with such pleasant
answering us ---- But Oh! were are they now. Dear Pa has left yes he told us not grieve
for him for he was going to Heaven. Where he wanted us all to meet him. We are
grown up men & women & seperations have commenced; in few more years we happy
children will be scattered to distant lands; perhaps never to meet on earth again. Will
we meet in Heaven? I hope so.
7/19 Cool, pleasant morning with brisk breezes stiring threes &
flowers; mooving high thin
clouds over the deep blue sky. Miss. Cassie Bond went home this morning early on the
cars. I did not see her. James Jones come by & set an hour or two with me this
morning. He is clerking for Rhine in H.S. & He & his sister went home this evening.
After supper I went with Mr. Gossitt over to moove a small house but we did not finish it.
While we were at work a lady sung some sweet softening songs with Music on the
Piano in the uper story of Mr. JohnsonÕs dwelling. From the peculiar beauty of the voice
I supposed the minstrel was Miss Minnie Nash. The full round moon rose with a
crimson blush of modesty from her dewy bed of dark green trees & flowers and cast a
glow of silver on the sleeping world. While the lonely singer poured fourth her tuching
strains on the still night air.
7/20 Cool, breezy, bright morning. I got up early; dressed, eat
breakfast & walked up to " Greenhigh"
& all over the grove. Oh it is such a cool. shady & beautiful place. Quite a
number of invalids there & gay pleasure hunters. I thought I would maybe see Aunt
Matilda Nesbitt there, but I recon she is not coming. I walked on to the Methodist
church to hear an eloquent sermon by Rev. Thomas on the justice of punishment.
About 3 o-clock I went to the river & saw six negroes baptised by a white preacher.
There was some four hundred negroes there & they shouted, sung & cut many wild
capers. I walked up to the store & found a dwarf negro only 3-1/2 feet high 30 years
old, weinght 90 lbs. He put a bucket of water on his head & layed flat down on his
face & got up again with it without spilling a drop of the water or touching it with his
hands. His head is verry large & so dished is his face that he hardly looks like a human
being in the face. He says he was never married, but he has tried a long time & the
ladies always ÒkickÓ him. I wrote a letter to all at home this evening & tonight. Cool
moon light night. Ther 78 degrees at 8 ocl.
7/21 Cool, bright breezy day. I got up by day light & went
over & helped Mr. C and negroes
moove tht little house again & finished it by breakfast. A good many ladies in today.
Mr. Hugh Davis in early & stayed till 4 ocl. I feel unwell today. My eyes pain me & I
have not read much today. I played marbles with Bev while the sun faded into
night eÕer the western hills. I eat verry little supper tonight. The little stars open &
shut their eyes mournfully in the deep silent sky.
7/22 Cool bright day with a dry east wind. I got up late feling
sick at stomach & eat little
breakfast. Great auction of lots at Grand Junction today. Maj. Gossitt has gone up. He
got back after dinner & did not buy any lots. I am still sick at stomach; eat very little
dinner. Read of the disastrous expeditions of the Provincial French against the
Chickasa Indians & their Brittish emissaries during the years 1735 to 1752 by Bienville
twice & Marquis de Vandreuil once. They did not affect the Chicksas in their fortified
villages situated near the present site of the town of Pontotoc. Of the total distruction
of & powerful tribe in French America. They worshiped the Sun, cultivated the soil &
built houses & fortifications, The present Natches is on the site of their great town in
1730. Misses Cornelia Michie & Sallie Cocke are at Mr. GossettÕs tonight. I was
introduced to them at the tea table. They are pretty girls & quite inteligent & full of life
7/23 Clear, bright, warm morning. I got early & looked out
upon the still streets; a few early
risers were ploding their way on errands. Some like laughing spring, others like gloomy
winter. I eat dinner with four young ladies - Miss Cornelia Michie, Miss Sallie Cocke &
Misses Amagnote & Lou. Sam"l Cathoun was here & conversed with me a long time; he
is on his way to Louisiana with family. A light shower in hearing today. I loaned Mr.
Thurmond my "History of the Valley of the Misipippi". Very pleasant evening. I went
up to Supper & was introduced to Miss Hill a large fine looking poetical young lady.
After supper I silently listened to a very interesting & romantic convere betwen these
young ladies & Maj. Gossitt. Oh it was like the flow of honey & glide of rivers in our
sweetest dreams. As I walked down the stars looked brighter & nearer to this mundane
shore. Ther 87 degrees at 2 o-clock.
7/24 Moderately warm & very clear morning. Getting very dusty
& dry again. Those young
ladies were quite gay this morning telling their dreams & the beauty of the different
College girls. I set in the parlor with them untill, but I did not speak a word to them
except "good morning". Miss Hill is a very calm, towering inteligent looking girl. I
have been reading A.P. Butter speech on the character of South Carolina delivered in
the Senate June 12th/56. He is a senator from So.Co. It was a beautiful indication of
the noble deeds of my old native state. Oh! it made my heart swell to read it. That
vile abolitionist from Masachusetts - Mr. Sumner; to impeach Our farthers & So.
Carolina with imbacilaty in the war of the revolution & that slavery was the cause!
What shameful ingratitude! Ther 86 degrees 2.
7/25 Warm, obscure morning. Mr. Autry & son come in this morning
with a wagon before
breakfast & gave me a letter from Home & some clothes & apples. I got 10 candles for
$3. for Ma & sent by him; he started back about 9 ocl. Profes Johnson was in while this
morning collecting tuition his teachers wish their pay for a visit north. Our company all
left yesterday evening. Miss Lucy Beck presented her lord a fine boy last monday
week (14th). In the language of Mother Eve "he has got a man". Emily is very sick.
Mr. Lax, wife & niece & W.A. Berry come in about 10 ocl going to the association near
Midleburge; I was so glad to see them. Mrs. Lax saw Ma this morning; they were well.
Uncle N. Nabors & two of the girls come up to Ma's Thursday, they said Aunt Malinda
Nesbitt is very low, expecting to die soon, poor woman! she has sufered so mutch.
She'll soon be done sorrow ---- Mr. Wheatley drove in about 3 ocl in a buggy alone. He
did not call. I bought a watermellon for a dime this eve. Thunder & showers near but
they are light. I wrote a letter for a Mr. Kenedy to his father-in-law at Pocahontas & it
was so funy I am not done laughing yet. When supper was over I set & talked to
George untill 9 o-clock.
7/26 Warm, bright morning. I want to go home today very mutch
to see Uncle & the girls but
I cant go I suppose. J.M. Calhoun, John & Doc Rupe were in store today. Speaking here
in the shade this evening by Mr. Bonner Dem. of Marshall about one hundred hearers.
A blind horse hitched before a yoke of oxen took a fright & ran a piece & loose & run
over a shade tree; the like a steak ran with its head against the corner of a house &
knocked its brains out on the pavement & died amediately. The ladies & gents had a
ance in one of the uper rooms of the brick Tavern. Quite a number of persons in town
today. Barbacue in Saulsberry today. Speeches by T. H. R. Taylor, Gen. Williamson, Mr.
Osborne, Hon. B.D. Nabors & ExGov. Mathews and others.
7/27 Warm, bright, dusty day. Everything is allmost parched up.
I come down to store about
8 ocl & wrote a letter of four crouded pages to Friend John Nesbitt. I did not go to
preaching today. As the bells rang I went up & eat dinner & read in different books till
3 ocl then I came down the Store again & wrote & read. Preaching at the Episcopal &
Presbyterian Churches today. I walked over town this evening; down to the Depot the
cars come with one car crouded with passengers. One poor sickly looking woman with
a baby in her arms struggled a long time to rise the steps without help at last got in
while polite men were helping strong healthy rich ladies in right by this poor woman
without noticing her. I went to night preaching at the M.E. Church by Mr. Bickers; his
first attempt; done tolerable well. Ther 88 degrees.
7/28 Warm & dry. Verry dusty. Strong indications of
rain. I got up after sunup because I
was disturbed in my sleep by the first cry of a baby in the next house. I saw the little
sinner's red head this morning through a window. I've been reading of the pioneers of
these western states; their manners & customs & dreadful conflicts with the Indians.
The origin of Camp meetings in the west about 1800. After sundown there lay a
golden pile of clouds in the far south-east which gave fourth a contiual flash of blinding
lightning but no thunder audible. I walked up into Dr. Bigg's & Arbuckle's office & looked
at pictures & conversed.
7/29 Warm, cloudy, still morning. Mr. Gossitt has left me &
gone over to show the negroes
how to begin to pale his new house in. I wrote a letter to all at home - three pages.
Mr. Autry & Jacob drove in about 2 ocl. Said Uncle N.N. only stayed one day & took
home a load of corn. One of the boys & two of the small girls come with him. Mr. A
went back about 5 o-clock. I sent my letter by him. The people are engaged playing
marbles in town . It is very dull here and but little doing. Calm beautiful stary night.
Little Flora is sick tonight, I got my Magazine.
7/30 Warm, clear & dry, windy. I got up early & went in
a washing by myself. The air was
quite cool. I was handed a letter from cousin John T. Terry in Arkansas which says cous
Lydia T. wqs married to a Mr. Stephen L. Bush the 29th of June 1856. Political
Speeches made at "Greenhigh" by Mr. Logwood - Dem. & Mr. Looney - K.N. A cloud
gathered in the north west causing a high wind here that blew the dust up in clouds so
thick that I couldn't see a man twenty steps; it was so high that it darkened the sun. I
never saw the like before. Everybody in town shut up windows & all untill it was over.
I went to preaching after supper at the Methodist where I heard Mr. Glover & others
sing that good old song commencing "In every condition in sickness in health" that is
one of the lines I forget the first..
7/31 Moderately warm, clouds hiding the sun. Verry dry & dusty.
No rain today. Mr.
M.M.Lacy come in today & conversed & traded. I walked over to the new house this
evening. They college & grounds look so silent; its beautiful life is all gone. I have
been reading of "Negroland" in Harper's & his Ode to "Hasty Pudding" is a home
picture to Southerners.
8/1 Hot, sultry, still morning. No clouds in sight but the air
is thick & steamy. This
sweating silence is omenous of an approaching storm. The smoke settles o'er the
distant hills of Tippah & Marshalle. The dusty monsters are creeping o'er hill & dale,
chasing each other like huge snails. Mr. Autry drove in as dusty as a could be about 3
ocl P.M.; gave me a letter from Chas & Sallie giving the information of the marriage of
cous J. Wesley Terry to a Miss Carrie E. Woodin the Turner's daughter on the 26th of
June 1856. Allso the death of Aunt Malinda Nesbitt after a very hard struggle on the 23
of July. Poor good woman she is gone to a better world than this. The leaves many
kind friends to weep oÕer her grave but she is happy now. I recd a letter form John G.
Nesbitt; he is going to Ark in a few days to spend a week or so. Miss Lou McElroy & her
brother are going back to Tippah to live; H.K. Nabors is at our house now & will stay
untill monday. I got a letter from I.G. Nabors this evening; they are nearly all sick with
the chills; that there not be more than half a crop made in that portion this year.
Daukins & lady went down to Desoto Wednesday to stay a week. We had no rain
8/2 Warm, still morning, thin high clouds shut the sun partly out.
Strong tokens of rain this
morning. I wrote a letter of four pages to I.G. Nabors this evening. We had cabbage for
dinner. About 12 ocl I saw rain falling in the distant hill of Tippah. We had quite a
number of persons in today. Had no rain today but sprinkles, thunder & lightning at
night in different directions. I have written a great deal today. I set pensive after
supper thinking about a few days of pleasure I have had with Miss Julia Arnold.
8/3 Rather cooler, fast low clouds mooving with a brisk breeze from
the north raising such
choking clouds of dust. The dust is actually six or eitht inches deep in places.
Everything in town is dried up & dead. It looks like starvation indeed. The wind howls
& sighs around the house like it was Autumn. I went down to the Depot after breakfast
& saw the cars come up, stop awhile & then dash on at a fearfull speed. I listened to a
gentleman telling jokes untill the Methodist bell rang then went up & heard an old man
preach a rather thumping sermon for he did stamp & fist the inofensive old pullpit
desperatelly. Two Miss AppersonÕs from Memphis were there and beautifull girls they
are. Preaching at the Presbyterian church allso. Mr. Gossitt & family went there. Miss
C. Michie brought the girls up house in her carriage. After a diner of baked beef.
lightbread & honey. I read a while of Travels up the Nile. I walked down to the woods
whose deep shade almost hid a little trickling spring a few hundred yards south of
"Greenhigh" how invigorating this place was where every thing was green with bloom
of life. Such a relief after enduring the dust & heat of town. My feeling were
peculiarlly happy. I come through "Greenhigh" they little girls were singing, ladies
setting out in the varendas, breathing the cooling north breeze while the gentlemen
were drinking their wine & lolling on seats under the umbrageous oaks. I went to night
preaching by Mr. Thomas I never did get as sleepy in all my life.
8/4 Cool, clear morning. High north winds & higher dust -
Atmosphere thick & dim sunshine.
I feel rather gloomy & gapey. Several beautiful young ladies have been in trading
today. Mr. H. Davis & Dr. Pruit have been in this morning. Mrs. Martha Aston died at
the Galt house this morning. The funeral card was sent around this evening. Clouded
up just about sunset. Misses Sallie & Mattie Cooke were at Mr. Gossitt'ss tonight. I set
by myself in one room & listened to some tender Songs by Misses Lucie & Sallie. I
started off to the store & Mr. Gossitt wanted to know why I did not go in & hear the
girl's music. I said I wanted to go down & finish a letter. I wrote four crouded pages to
John G. Terry - Ark & went to bed with the wind sighing sadly around the house. I
wrote about Darthula.
8/5 Sweeping north-wind, Dim sunshine. The distant valley, hills
& streams south were
nearly hid with smoke & haze. I brushed the whole store down & that took me bussily
engaged Ôtill dinner. A young Bogard come in & talked with me. He is a son of James
Bogard. He said. Lep, Tom, their sisters & the Cotrells were at their house yesterday &
Sunday. Two great Schools going on in Salem by a Yankee & his sister. Thomas &
Lepwich were going after a while. I eat the largest & finest Horse Apple I ever saw.
Sallie sent it from home; it only had seven seed in it. I went up into Wm Arbuckle's
room with T. Shelton. Temperance meeting in the other room; ladies up there. There
was six drunk men in town this evening & they cut some funny shiny. Ther has been 84
degrees for sometime.
8/6 Verry cool morning. Ther 65 at 5 ocl. Smokey so that
it entirely hides Hamers Hill.
Cool east wind; no clouds. I got up by daylight & as I went to breakfast I bought two
squares of paper for 40 cts at Mr. Locke's to make a book. I saw verry large head of Elk
bones from the Rocky mountains; they come up on the railroad; measured five feet
long. I made my book in Arbuckles room & Mr Cablers shop. I eat a piece of a fine
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© 2000 by Melissa McCoy-Bell. All rights reserved.