Historical Photos from the Library of Congress

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Mrs. Anne Calvert Neely of Vicksburg

[ca. 1919-1920 June]

Vicksburg canal [Etching]


Two Union soldiers survey land through trees and vines, their rifles by their sides. Possibly a scene of the Union's attempts to build several canals around Vicksburg.


The vessels shown here were all part of the Mississippi Squadron under the command of Adm. David Dixon Porter (1813-1891). The squadron was created on 1 October 1862, by the transfer of command of the Western Flotilla from the army to the navy. Its purpose was to cooperate with Union land forces in combating guerrillas operating along the western rivers, to punish Confederate sympathizers, to protect transport and supply ships, and to prevent the movement of Confederate troops and supplies.

The Essex was an ironclad gunboat built in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1856. Originally commissioned the New Era, she served as a ferry until 1861, when she was purchased by the War Department and renamed. The Essex played an important part in the Vicksburg and Port Hutson campaigns.

The Choctaw, a side-wheel steamer built in 1853, was purchased by the government in 1862 and converted to an ironclad ram. The vessel spent the entire war patrolling the Mississippi River and its tributaries.


Ferry and wharf goods. Vicksburg, Mississippi.

1936 Feb

Vicksburg, Miss. Levee and steamboats

1864 February

Negro church on the banks of the Mississippi River near Vicksburg, Mississippi

July 1936